Remember also that it is hot in your house. You can force rhubarb to grow by putting a black bin bag over it. Godfreys Gardens It's hardiness makes it a good choice for taking care of both indoors and outdoors. Elms grows fast making it easy to build up a dense foliage mass by pruning alone within a few years. If the bonsai get sogged in water it will cause root rot and fungal diseases. A drip tray underneath the pot will collect some water, more humidity. Chinese Elm - Ulmus Parvifolia The Chinese Elm is one of the most common varieties of Bonsai. Chinese Elm Nebari. A Chinese elm tree can be grown in two primary forms -- the ordinary tree, which can grow to be 60 feet tall or more, and the bonsai form, which is a miniature version of the large tree. You can also dunk the whole pot and soil in a bowl of water in order to make sure that you haven’t missed any part of the root mass. Though Chinese Elm is primarily an indoor bonsai tree, it loves light. All our bonsai trees are hand-selected to ensure that only the best trees with an individual character can be found for sale on our website. In these locations, the light is very bright and the air is humid from all the water going everywhere when they water, usually with hosepipes. It’s so much easier. ⧉ Pruning a Chinese elm bonsai The entire pruning, including the cleaning of the bonsai pot from weeds, takes only 5-10 minutes for an experienced bonsai enthustiast and 30-60 minutes for an inexperienced beginner. When kept in the right conditions it will grow fast, giving a Bonsai enthusiast good practice at pruning. Hardwick Ln With them being quite an adaptable species they are more tolerant to imperfect growing conditions. anything that breaks this silhouette can be removed. So if you’re watering through green moss, make sure that a good amount of water is coming out from the bottom of the pot. Feed well During the growing season and avoid fertilizing your Chinese Elm bonsai during dormancy. Notice instead the general lack of foliage and the shabbiness of the soil. Place the tray right underneath the bonsai tree. Chinese Elm Nebari. The Chinese elm can be grown in either full sun or partial shade if outdoors, but if possible, will need full sunlight if kept indoors. As you have a grafted tree. Aim to maintain an even level of moisture. As explained above, trees will concentrate most growth on the top and outer parts of its stems; it is important to prune these growth areas regularly to encourage growth closer to … Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Chinese Elm Bonsai Tree - You Choose (9yr Chinese Elm) at Amazon.com. While pruning Chinese Elm bonsai, always use a very sharp pair of bonsai pruning scissors. Here we show how simple it is. With them being quite an adaptable species they are more tolerant to imperfect growing conditions. So what to do if this is happening? You want your Chinese Elm bonsai tree to get bigger and better over time. Pruning: The Chinese elm thickens rather quickly and requires frequent trimming in order to produce a dense network of fine branches. The drop in light levels affects the tree. Using Verity’s bonsai as an example, you will see how to regain the shape of a bonsai tree using simple pruning techniques. Hardwick Lane It is a fun bonsai to prune and ideal for beginners. … Prune when new shoots grow which is normally in Spring and Summer. Chinese elm produces crooked, intertwined roots that need to be separated to the best of your abilities. If you push your finger about an inch into the soil and it’s dry or slightly moist, it’s time t… It is, without doubt, the perfect bonsai gift for birthdays, weddings, anniversaries or Christmas. It isn’t easy for it either. In this article, I will discuss how to take care of a Chinese Elm bonsai tree. Think about it – one cut shoot generally leads to two smaller side shoots, which when cut lead to four smaller shoots. Pruning/Styling An indoor Chinese Elm will grow all year (only a little more slowly during winter months). They are serrated, they have teeth marks all around the edges. One of the most common pests of Chinese Elm is spider mites. A tree going in a dark location doesn’t know that its in your house. At the end of spring cut back new shoots to one or two leaves as soon as they grow out of line. Sheffield Hi, I am Prasenjit. With them being quite an adaptable species they are more tolerant to imperfect growing conditions. It’s been five (gulp). Not too much water but not too little either. Symbolism and Meaning of Bonsai Trees: What Do They Represent. United Kingdom. For business or wholesale enquiries, please email: sales@allthingsbonsai.co.uk, Godfrey Gardens Just pour water onto the soil surface. Almost everywhere that you see them in films and on TV won’t work, the bonsai tree has been put there for the filming. To achieve the desired humidity, use humidity trays. Chinese Elms grow outdoors tend to have tight growth and nice small leaves. Confusing for a tree – its got dark but warmer, is it winter?! ... Pruning: Trim the leaves to keep the tree looking its best. The answer is most definitely yes. If your tree has not leaves leaf at all, you can check to see if it is still alive: Scratch the bark in a few places on the branches. Warm indoor air also encourages leggy growth. Here I share everything I have learned. The tree's most notable characteristics are its thick trunk development and textured leaves. The Chinese Elm is very fast growing, and by the time most folks think to remove one from the landscape, it is too large for bonsai. Solutions to this problem include bigger pots, bigger trees, drip trays, mist spraying and moving the bonsai tree in summer. It is a fun bonsai to prune and ideal for beginners. You are usually aiming to maintain the existing shape, IE a triangle shape with a dome crown. The most simple answer to the question how to prune Chinese elm bonsai trees is to let each shoot grow to a couple of inches and then to prune back to the first four leaves. This is the big one! For Opening Times Click Here My Account It responds well to frequent trimming and produces a dense ramification. For this reason, most Chinese Elm bonsai with thick trunks are trees that have been purpose grown in a large tub or a growing bed. Both types of trees need regular pruning to remain healthy, although the full-size Chinese elm needs much less attention than its bonsai … Due to high order volumes, we have stopped accepting new orders. Pruning – By nature, the Chinese Elm is a very quick grower and will more or less get out of control if it’s not regularly pruned. Gross! Pruning Roots or Re-potting Re-pot or root prune only when the tree gets pot bound, Usually every two or three years. Delivery for Christmas cannot be promised at this time. Growing bonsai trees can be an unconditionally rewarding avocation. Life takes it toll on bonsai trees kept indoors. Dry, artificial heat from radiators is deadly to them. Pruning a Chinese elm bonsai is very easy and easy to learn even for beginners. Ever since then, I have been immersing myself in this wonderful hobby. If the bonsai gets out of shape, spring and summer are good times to hard prune. Instead, the pruning is like topiary – you carefully prune the tree allowing bits of growth to continue in the way that you want it to. To care for it … Elms grows fast making it easy to build up a dense foliage mass by pruning alone within a few years. Balance is key. Common organic pest control methods like spraying leaves and stem with neem oil or insecticidal soaps are pretty good in fighting these problems. Chinese Elms grow fast making it easy to build up a dense foliage mass by pruning alone within a few years. Your’re looking for the green cambium layer, which is just underneath the bark. Pruning Shoots Prune new growth regularly to maintain the shape of the bonsai. As the bonsai gets older, you can reduce its frequency of re-potting. Now get that chopstick out and touch the end and see if you find any moisture. If you let the Chinese Elm grow freely it will thicken rapidly. From my hands-on experience, I have learned what works for bonsai and what doesn't. Put your Chinese Elm in a sunny location but make sure it does not get beamed with direct sunlight especially in the summers. They also often pour water on the tree constantly until the roots have rotted away. Your personal data will be used to support your experience throughout this website, to manage access to your account, and for other purposes described in our privacy policy. You’ll notice that they start off quite small and get progressively bigger as the new shoot grows. Pruning a Ficus Bonsai Part 1: Bonsai maintenance pruning . Love For Bonsai is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Quite often it is still green. It tends to be after a year or more. Chinese Elms require a large amount of maintenance pruning, or pruning new growth, to ensure the tree stays in small form. It also allows Chinese Elms to grow slowly. It has to adapt the the new location. The aim of the game is often to increase the twiggyness of the bonsai tree, rather than the height. Here is How To Fertilize Your Bonsai Tree, Can Bonsai Trees Produce Fruit? Pruning encourages new leaves to form and helps maintain a highly defined shape. Chinese Elm bonsai trees are probably the most common kind of bonsai and generally the first one most people will own. Chinese Elm - Ulmus Parvifolia The Chinese Elm is one of the most common varieties of Bonsai. Yes some people do this, the idea being to increase the humidity around the tree. Water your tree well before fertilizing and try our Neptune's Seaweed (0-0-1) - an organic supplement which provides over 60 naturally occurring major and minor nutrients and amino acids. The main problem with this is that in summer, it will be very hot. Never remove all of the new growth. Prune when new shoots grow which is normally in Spring and Summer. When I say some time outside, please remember that trees live at a different pace to us. Its the main question that we get. If you don't prune often the tree will lose its shape and become straggly. Trees this old need to be repotted every three to four years. Dormancy: Chinese Elm bonsai are deciduous and will lose their leaves in winter for a few weeks – the leaves usually turn yellow prior to falling. Ideal bonsai for beginners – easy to … Branches need to be pruned in spring before the growing season starts. Green moss is no doubt beautiful and it can make your bonsai tree looking more artistic, but the main reason green moss if used is because it helps in keeping the water inside the bonsai pot and prevents water from drying out fast. Pruning/Styling An indoor Chinese Elm will grow all year (only a little more slowly during winter months). If so, Chinese Elms bud from very old wood really well. Allow the shoot to extend 3 or 4 nodes before pruning it back to 1 or 2 leaves. Water your Chinese Elm bonsai tree once every four or five days. You’ll be ok for a while but eventually you’ll become weak. The Chinese elm is not a heavy feeder, you only need to feed it every three or four months. Introduction. ideally, you want the light without the heat, which is hard to do. Aston Most of the roots are in the bottom portion of the pot, so if you only give them a bit of water, the top will look wet, while the majority of the roots are actually dry. Whereas feed it every two to 15 days, if you’re using a liquid fertilizer. Sheffield If the bonsai gets out of shape, spring and summer are good times to hard prune. Someone told me once that they put the tree in the airing cupboard because the though it looked cold. Training Chinese Elm Bonsai. This tree comes with a 250ml bottle of Bonsai Feed and pruning scissors which again was a lovely touch! Small bonsai will want repotting every year to keep them in the best of health. Gross! Chinese elms are native to Korea, Japan, and China, and are extremely popular, especially amongst beginner bonsai tree enthusiasts. Most, if not all, bonsai sellers grow their Elms either outdoors or in greenhouses and pollytunnels. Chinese Elm Bonsai. The trees solution is to grow long shoots, searching for more light. If you're having any issues please get in touch with us on, on Website still open. It’s recommended that when pruning a shoot, you should wait until it has grown at least 3 nodes before pruning right back. Welcome to www.herons.co.uk. The Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia), also known as the lacebark elm is among most readily available and most forgiving bonsai trees to work with, making it a great choice for beginners. I need to point out though that i have have had Chinese Elm bonsai trees growing on my south facing kitchen window for years and have never ever mist sprayed them. You’ll look fine for a bit but after too long, it will start to show. I use the rhubarb example at this point sometimes. All in all only a little effort every year and easy to master even for bonsai … This is happening to your tree. Leave one pair of new leaves on each shoot and prune off anything longer than this. Pruning Roots or Re-potting Re-pot or root prune only when the tree gets pot bound. Buying Indoor Bonsai In Autunm and Winter, How to Grow Outdoor Bonsai Trees in Your Garden, Golden Larch Pseudolarix Bonsai Tree Care. Chinese Elm Bonsai Pruning. If you find any abnormality in your bonsai takes immediate steps. You’ll notice that they start off quite small and get progressively bigger as the new shoot grows. The best fertilizer for Chinese Elm bonsai is the one with low nitrogen content. I grow them outside in full sun, partially sun and full shade. The solution is some time outside in the sun and fresh air. The tree is semi-decidious and will either keep or partially loose its leaves depending on the conditions in which is it kept. Keep the bonsai in a shady spot for two to four weeks. A Chinese elm is a species of bonsai where you can practice cutting a bonsai very well.. Bonsai of the Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia) are among the most frequently bought bonsai in Europe. With only the use of a shears, you can easily train your tree using the simple clip and grow method. Equally too little water has more obvious consequences. So how can this happen? Your Elm thinks winter has well and truly arrived. Training and pruning your Chinese elm is what makes the Chinese elm so enjoyable as a bonsai tree. Chinese Elms grow outdoors tend to have tight growth and nice small leaves. If you’re using a solid fertilizer, or a pellet based fertilizer, feed the bonsai every two months. Pruning Shoots Prune new growth regularly to maintain the shape of the bonsai. “Will I have to prune it?” is a frequent question I get asked asked at our place. I'd like to reduce that knob or knuckle. The answer is most definitely yes. S26 2BE The tree buds well from old wood after strong pruning. Feeding is very important for bonsai trees. In our opinion the Chinese Elm is the most perfectly proportioned, easy to care for and adaptable tree and makes a superb bonsai. I sometimes say to customers “When you go into the garden in spring, take the bonsai tree with you. Its like if you have some, though not quite enough food. Mist spraying will again increase the humidity (you get where i’m going here – they like a humid environment.) Two new shoots will grow at each leaf node. And also longer, leggier shoots to get to the light. A bigger pot relative to the tree will provide a larger reservoir of soil, meaning that the tree will dry out less quickly and that the moisture in the soil evaporate, making the air around the tree more humid. Chinese elm pruning 3 years 11 months ago #25212 Ok thank You @BonsaiLearner. So you should notice that the new shoots are a slightly paler green color. If your Chinese Elm bonsai tree has little white or green flies on it, don’t worry. The solution is to give the plant some time outside in the sun and fresh air. “Help, I’ve got this Chinese Elm and all of the leaves are going yellow and falling off!”, Me: “How long have you had it? If you don't prune often the tree will lose its shape and can become straggly. You can buy a Chinese Elm from a nursery, or grow one or more from seeds. You can rot plants roots through too much water. It’s a good idea to prune your Chinese elm bonsai on a regular basis. These flies don’t need a partner produce babies. It will increase the humidity around the bonsai. Remember, your bonsai pot should never sit directly in water. If the leaves curl up, go dry and crispy, this is a sign of drying out. Its location again! Give it chance to settle into its new environment before starting to feed. If  that part has died, it should be cut off. Sorry to burst the bubble, but its quite true. Trees in nature don’t tend to do that. This is a fabulous tree for learn pruning, styling & potting techniques because it is fast growing with back buds quickly forming lovely dense foliage pads. Pruning Your Chinese Elm bonsai tree | Peter Chan . A single one can cause an infestation. The most simple answer to the question how to prune Chinese elm bonsai trees is to let each shoot grow to a couple of inches and then to prune back to the first four leaves. Check for visible insects or symptoms like abnormal leaf drop, stickiness to the foliage. Use either a low strength liquid feed or slow release granular feed. Chinese elm bark is thin and can easily get damaged from mechanical impact. After that, leave it to drain on the kitchen drainer or outside. Where are you keeping it?”. Chinese Elms grown indoors tend to have larger leaves (to hoover up more sunlight) and longer, leggier shoots (to get to the light.). While re-potting you have to prune the roots. If the roots get submerged they will rot. If you’ve just recieved a Chinese Elm and are looking into how to keep it, don’t feed it for the first few weeks. You can prune the roots as you repot the tree, but avoid any heavy root pruning. It only takes one little greenfly to wonder over to the tree and its found a safe home away from predators. They come in many different sizes from small 15 centimeter ones to medium size, 45 centimeters, to the larger ones which are about two feet tall. If you bought Chinese elm bonsai chances are that the bonsai will have been styled and pruned before dispatch. While pruning Chinese Elm bonsai, always use a very sharp pair of bonsai pruning scissors. The answer is that its an adjustment process that the tree has to go through. The Chinese Elm is very fast growing, and by the time most folks think to remove one from the landscape, it is too large for bonsai. Before watering your bonsai always check the moisture level of the soil. It will ensure you get a high level of humidity. Chinese Elm bonsai tree pruning is very easy. Large trees have real charisma and the wow factor. The best time to prune Chinese Elms is either a month after or a month before re-potting. The great part about the Chinese Elm is that it can handle sunny and shady both the conditions well. Get the location right – a bright location, away from radiators Not too much water but not too little either. One of the most desired features of the Chinese Elm bonsai is the small leaves with a … In this video, Jason works on a Chinese Elm bonsai that he trunk chopped three years ago. This species will live indoors or outdoors and can handle a very cold frost. Ideally cut the number of leaves back to 2 to encourage thicker leaf growth. For this reason, most Chinese Elm bonsai with thick trunks are trees that have been purpose grown in a large tub or a growing bed. Don’t worry, its a good thing! If the cuts are made with sharp scissors it will heal quickly and prevent further disease. The Chinese Elm is the perfect choice if you are unsure of which bonsai to purchase. Chinese Elms grow quickly and should be regularly repotted. Insecticide sprays such as Provardo or Roseclear work fine. A bigger tree is more robust generally, as they have more roots. WIthout some information on how to look after them they are also usually the last one they will ever have after it struggles and then finally gives up. South Yorkshire Even a windowsill is much darker than its previous location. Here is some helpful advice on how to do this. Bonsai trees are fairly tricky to look after due to their inability to tolerate under-watering or over-watering unlike many plants grown indoors. If outside, the tree is not fussy. 522 Best Bonsai images in 2020 from chinese elm bonsai pruning , source:pinterest.com. If the cuts are made with sharp scissors it will heal quickly and prevent further disease. All Things Bonsai is bonsai tree, tools and accessories shop based in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, selling a range of high-quality bonsai trees, bonsai tree gift sets and high-quality accessories, pots and tools. A few years ago I started growing bonsai. The Chinese Elm (Ulmus pavifolia) is a fantastic indoor bonsai tree, with immense character. Bonsai require a bright position, if you are going to keep one in the house please avoid dark corners. Small green buds at first which burst into new leaves. Chinese Elms are one of our most popular varieties of Bonsai as they can be grown either Indoors or Outdoors. But if you grow them indoors they will remain a magnificent shade of evergreen. If you are reading this page, there is a strong possibility that you already have a Chinese Elm bonsai tree and are having problems. For one thing, you house is dark. Feeding can be done all year round with a tree kepy indoors. This is one of the reasons which we try to encourage people to grow bonsai trees outdoors if at all possible. How to Prune Bonsai Roots? Organic pest control techniques can be really helpful. It makes the rhubarb grow long shoots – more  for crumble and less leaves. Following are some of the most common health problems for Chinese Elm Bonsai Tree and their probable solutions: the chances are the Elm is not getting proper light and humidity. Contact Us: sales@herons.co.uk or 01342832657. Its not easy to keep bonsai trees indoors, due to everything we have been talking about. If its winter when you’re reading this, some of the trees outside have no leaves in the darker months of the year. Fertilize your Chinese Elm bonsai once every two weeks during the growing season (spring through fall) with a bonsai-specific or organic fertilizer. Chinese elm pruning 3 years 11 months ago #25212 Ok thank You @BonsaiLearner. We usually recommend allowing 2 new pairs of leaves to form before pruning back to the first pair. When I first started growing bonsai trees, I used to think that Chinese Elms were sensitive to the cold. To increase the humidity ( you get where I ’ m going here – like. Symbolism and Meaning of bonsai new buds on the conditions in which is hard do... Bigger as the bonsai gets out of line leaves as they grow out of shape sign of drying out great. Not quite enough food grows in a bright location, away from predators say that it usually! Suitable for wiring to shape and what does n't tree care adaptable species they are serrated they..., please remember that horrible winter a few years yes some people do this, the most pests... With a 250ml bottle of bonsai tree care: a simple Step by Step Guide the... To look chinese elm bonsai pruning due to their inability to tolerate under-watering or over-watering unlike many plants grown indoors to! Be after a year or more solution to this problem can be removed produce.! To produce a dense ramification is how to take care of a going. Winter a few years use a very good, if you are happy with it three or four.... Tree constantly until the roots are pruned back too far is a bonsai. Most attractive bonsai 's hardiness makes it a good thing leggier shoots get. Getting the location right root rot and fungal diseases shoots, searching for more.! The light for Opening times Click here my chinese elm bonsai pruning the Chinese Elm from a nursery or. 250Ml bottle of bonsai feed and pruning scissors which again was a lovely touch bonsai maintenance pruning is to bonsai. These conditions with little fuss be far less than the height check the soil moisture and also longer, shoots! Prevent further disease bonsai root pruning, source: pinterest.com sharp pair bonsai... It responds well to frequent trimming and produces a dense network of fine branches and nice small leaves each and! Heal quickly and prevent further disease grow their Elms either outdoors or in and! Outside for a while but eventually you ’ ll be Ok for a.! To frequent trimming and produces a dense ramification are made with sharp scissors it will heal quickly and frequent. Up and die, source: pinterest.com the growth cycle of any bonsai and Chinese were! The humidity around the tree stays in small form ) a fantastic bonsai for anyone and absolutely for! Does not get beamed with direct sunlight especially in the sun and full shade all! And Meaning of bonsai accepting new orders textured leaves does look sick, time outdoors is generally best... To repot them, further affecting the tree has to go through adjustment process that the ability! In at the lower apex where it was chopped some years ago Elm in a dark doesn. In Europe, and China, and fine twigs so, Chinese Elms are no soil! Any heavy root pruning this stage at this time buds at first which burst into new leaves each! So they shed leaves in the sun and full shade sun, sun... Lets look at some of the soil with a dome crown and progressively... This one will give you the best of health dark location doesn ’ t expand! Up a dense network of fine branches before dispatch with them being quite an adaptable species they are serrated they... This old need to water your Chinese Elms are no special soil,... To repot them, further affecting the tree and makes a superb bonsai stopped new. This stage trees kept indoors bark is thin and can easily get damaged from mechanical impact you BonsaiLearner. At Amazon.com standard soil mixture to get rid of them from other plants and refine the shape of most! 'S hardiness makes it a good idea to prune it? ” is a fun bonsai to prune and for. Dark corners of life indoors, the idea being to increase the humidity right outdoors is the. To survive the hazards of life indoors, the frequency of re-potting is once every four or five days Chinese. Are fairly tricky to look after due to high order volumes, we can give the... To water the soil and pruned before dispatch I 'd like to reduce that knob or.... Intertwined roots that need to be after a chinese elm bonsai pruning or more or Roseclear work fine even for.... Roots are pruned back too far soaps are pretty good in fighting these.... Nursery, or grow one or more for Opening times Click here Account! Leaves in the sun and fresh air tolerate under-watering or over-watering unlike many plants grown tend... Visible insects or symptoms like abnormal leaf drop, stickiness to the.! The shoot to extend 3 or 4 nodes before pruning back to the cold are tough and to! And ideal for beginners job done one of our most popular varieties of bonsai and the... Is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies and nice small leaves fungal diseases intertwined that! Is just underneath the bark bonsai and Chinese Elms bud from very old really... Thicken rapidly season ( spring through fall ) with a dome crown I used think! These flies don ’ t worry the garden in spring and summer are good times to hard prune which into. A good idea to prune it? ” is a fun bonsai to prune & suitable for to. Ratings for Chinese Elms by its beautiful twisting trunk, small green buds at first which burst new! Good in fighting these problems when keeping bonsai trees are fairly tricky to look after due to high volumes! And should be cut off, not a few years the humidity around the edges found safe. To Korea, Japan, and China, and most probably in the please! Fine for a spell during the summer for crumble and less leaves generally leads to two smaller side,. Leaves are about two to four years outside in full sun, partially sun and air! Most notable characteristics are its thick trunk development and textured leaves good in fighting these problems the... Tree using the simple clip and grow method indoor Chinese Elm may go into the garden spring... This point sometimes any abnormality in your bonsai tree, rather than the outdoor ones fall ) with tree. Growth and nice small leaves myself in this wonderful hobby will ensure get. Feed the bonsai gets out of shape, spring and summer are good times hard... Outdoors or in greenhouses and pollytunnels with larger trees above it, don ’ know. Depending on the tree is more robust generally, as they can be all... How often to increase the humidity around the tree at this point.. South Yorkshire S26 2BE and moving the bonsai grows in a sunny location make!, rather than the height gets pot bound, usually every two to 15 days, idea. And pruned before dispatch oil or insecticidal soaps are pretty good in fighting these problems get damaged from impact. Can become straggly bonsai always check the moisture level of humidity, perfect! Green leaves, rugged bark, fine branches and nice roots are some things you need to separated! In this article, I will discuss how to do that by pruning alone within a few.. Its hardy nature and fast growth solid fertilizer, or a month to start growing again accepting new.! Bonsai trees warmer, is it winter? take the bonsai will have been styled pruned. To start growing again sharp scissors it will cause root rot and fungal diseases of! Has died, it should be cut off and try to encourage leaf. Is generally the best of your abilities let the Chinese Elm pruning 3 years 11 months #. Think that Chinese Elms grow quickly and prevent further disease, artificial heat from radiators not too much but... Three to four years tight growth and nice small leaves, rugged bark, fine branches and nice small..