[5] This grass grows a dense tussock with extended stolons, which are covered with hairs or without hairs. ... Digitaria commutata subsp. [8] Therefore, though D. eriantha can be stored quite easily, it loses crude protein over time. Woolly finger grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud. Briza Publications, Pretoria. [5] This grass thrives in warm, moist environments where it will generally grow very quickly. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Common Name(s): crabgrass : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants ... Digitaria eriantha ssp. 1930, non A. Camus 1927. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. There have been some genotypes that have demonstrated some resistance to this disease. Both tufted and stoloniferous seeding types are mostly used on sandy soil in cultivation, although they will grow on clay soils, once established. It is important to rest the grass pasture from January so as to allow it to grow for the rest of the season. Ethnobotany. Digitaria parviflora (R.Br.) Digitaria decumbens Stent Digitaria eriantha Steud. It is used extensively for heavy grazing in summer, as forage for horses, sheep, cattle and lactating cows in winter and can grow very quickly. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. Functions. pH at collection sites ranges from (4.5‒) 6.0 to 7.0 (‒8.5).It can survive under fairly low fertility conditions, but responds to improved fertility, particularly nitrogen. The common name crabgrass is applied to many species in this genus. Digitaria eriantha grass has low to moderate salt/alkalinity tolerance and moderate tolerance of aluminium. Individuals can grow to 0.61 m. Thus it is essential to use the grazed digit grass sooner rather than later. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. [5] D. eriantha can also be used to suppress weeds. In the cool season, a 60-day rotation is recommended for high production. pentzii (Stent) Kok, Digitaria eriantha Steud. 1898. eriantha … [5], Digit grass is native to Africa, in countries such as Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Swaziland. Agr., Agr. ... Common Name: Heart -seed love grass. This is a great advantage for poor farmers with soils that are prone to many weeds that can be difficult to control. D. milanjiana is mostly found on lighter soils (sands, sandy loam, loams and clay loams) rarely on heavy black clays (vertisols). https://bie.ala.org.au/species/http://id.biodiversity.org.au/node/apni/2899120 Accessed 06 Feb 2020. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. The ideal rainfall requirement is estimated to be 450 mm and for seeds about 750 mm. There are many others names for D. eriantha, such as common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German) and pangola, pasto pangola (Spanish).[5]. pasto pangola in Spanish woolly finger grass in English ); isikonko (isiZulu); mangole maseka (Setswana); mmoyane, moeane ( Sesotho). The productivity of digit grass is higher in the warmer compared to the cool seasons. (2012). Normally it is the grass seedhead that will be infected and only under humid conditions. Digitaria eriantha subsp. [5] "It is perennial, sometimes stoloniferous or tufted". It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. Spikelet 2.2–4.0 mm long, hairy; lower glume a membranous scale, ovate to triangular; upper glume 1/3–2/3 as long as spikelet, 3-nerved, hairy; internode absent; lower lemma as long as spikelet, oblong, 7-nerved, nerve smooth or sometimes scaberulous, upper glume and lower lemma covered with purple and silver hairs up to 1 mm long; upper lemma shorter than spikelet, greenish to brown, partly exposed; anther 1.8–2.2 mm long. eriantha. [8] When bulldozed across the slope, the yield was higher than when it was bulldozed down the field. Digitaria eriantha Steud., 1829: Nov 21, 2005 : Poacea List from MoBot Digit grass is native to Africa, in countries such as Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Swaziland. Leaf sheaths remain at base of stem and clasp it, thus giving it a woolly appearance. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 408965) with original publication details: Flora 12: 468 1829. [6] Typically, it is the digit grass seed’s head that will be infected by smut and only under humid conditions. General information about Digitaria eriantha (DIGER) Southern Africa. Family: Poaceae. A synopsis of Digitaria (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae) in Mexico, including the new species Digitaria michoacensis Acta Botanica Mexicana 101: 127-149. The grass family is one of the most important families in the world, if not the most important. A cultivar of Milanje finger grass (D. setivalva), formally denoted as 'Mardi' in Malaysia, is used for its high production in wet tropics. These spikelets are usually 2–4 mm long, where the lower glume is as long as the spikelet and the upper glumes are where the lemma is situated (covered with 1 mm long hairs). Seeding varieties are mostly used in areas with rainfall from about 750–1 000 mm. Digitaria eriantha. Usually digit grass is used for hay and pasture. Tropical Forages, Factsheets: Digitaria eriantha http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/forages/Media/Html/entities/digitaria_eriantha.htm. The genus Digitaria has about 230 species, cosmopolitan, mainly in tropical and warm temperate regions. stolonifera Stapf. Tufted types generally combine well with other crops, more specifically legumes. This page was last edited on 16 December 2019, at 01:42. English: common finger grass, digit grass; pangola grass, pongola finger grass, pongola grass (D. decumbens); woolly finger grass (D. eriantha, D. pentzii, D. setivalva); smuts finger grass (D. smutsii); giant pangola grass (D. valida) Fish, L. & Victor, J.E. pentzii. Mixing seed with superphosphate, or sawdust or pelleting facilitates flow. Guide to the grasses of southern Africa. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N.[5] This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Digitaria eriantha is a fast-growing, perennial, sometimes stoloniferous, tufted grass, 350–1400 mm high. However, seeds are better adapted to sandy loam soils compared to heavier soils because seedling establishment is easier. It has simple, broad leaves. Today it is distributed in many humid subtropical and tropical areas. [5] The leaf blades are typically 5–60 cm long, 2–14 mm wide and may be either hairy or smooth. Plant Type: Grass. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Digitaria glauca Digitaria glauca Stent, Bothalia 3: 151. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Digitaria. This grass demonstrates great potential for farmers in Africa in subtropical and tropical climates, mostly for livestock feed. Once established, however, they have the capacity to thicken up and spread from the sown area. Flower colour; life form. Digitaria eriantha subsp. Grass, perennial, tufted 40-120 cm tall. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud) is a tropical grass widespread in many humid tropical and subtropical regions, used extensively for grazing, hay and silage. Stolons are established to control soil erosion or good ground cover for soil conservation. Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. Login to add your Comment WildNet taxon ID 18913 Alternate name(s) common finger grass woolly fingergrass Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia. Seed is slightly hairy and may not flow readily through some planting equipment. The common name crabgrass is applied to many species in the genus. common finger grass; digit grass; pangola grass; woolly finger grass… Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database : ... Common Name Photos; DIER: Digitaria eriantha Steud. When reproducing by seeds, avoidance of competition in the early stages is needed. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. When it seeds it attracts a multitude of small birds. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. It flowers in mid to late summer, from January to April. Digitaria eriantha ssp. Common names Pangolagras in German capim-pangola in Portuguese common finger grass in English digit grass in English digitaria in French pangola in Spanish pangola grass in English pangolagrass in language. Because of its fluffy seeds, it should be established in a well-prepared, firm seedbed. ... Common names / Nomi comuni / Noms communs: Pangolagras (German) common finger grass (English) digit grass (English) digitaria (French) pangola (Spanish) pangola grass (English) pasto pangola (Spanish) woolly finger grass (English) Search Digitaria eriantha on Web. The species epithet ' eriantha' comes from the Greek 'erio' meaning woolly and ' anthos ' meaning flower, and refers to the hairs on the spikelets. Common in disturbed areas and abandoned cultivations. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. (2012). Frost affects the grasses ability to regrow after frosting.[5]. [8] As it grows fairly quickly with sufficient sunshine, it ideally needs to be grazed every 2–3 weeks. [8] In the warm season, digit grass can withstand high trampling, high stocking density and 30 day rotations. Its greenish seed-heads consist of 3–10, fine branches arranged along a short section of stem, less than 50 mm long. Not registered yet? Digitaria eriantha is distributed in Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique; it is dominant throughout South Africa where it occurs in Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, and the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape Provinces. Common name(s) Pangola Grass. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The species is highly variable, considered by some as a complex in need of studies (PROTA, 2016). pentzii (Stent) Kok Synonym according to EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The leaf blade is 50–400 × 2–14 mm; the blade is spreading, long, narrow, glabrous or hairy. digitgrass. Common Name - digitgrass. Shirinda Creselda Nyeleti and Aluoneswi Caroline MashauNational Herbarium (PRE), PretoriaJuly 2020, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape. Wildflower Nursery, Indigenous Plant Database: Digitaria eriantha. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Though it is fairly tolerant to low rainfall, it restricts production and yield. Digit grass is attacked by white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) or S. ssp. Choose Project. [5] Weeds are typically suppressed. It is also important to monitor levels of phosphorus and other nutrients throughout the entire growing season.[5]. Ligule a fringed membrane 2-4 mm long. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Common Names. The brown, digitate inflorescences are the trade mark of this specie. [6] Each grass, erect or ascending, reaches between 35 and 180 cm tall. A synopsis of Digitaria (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae) in Mexico, including the new species Digitaria michoacensis Acta Botanica Mexicana 101: 127-149. As a social benefit, Digitaria eriantha is used to induce labour and to treat external sores and wounds. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. 2000. It forms the very basis of many ecosystems and all animals are therefore either directly or indirectly dependent of them for survival. Symptoms of an infected grass are stunting, yellowing, reddening, twisting of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering. Accessed on 2020/06/03. [5] Therefore, digit grass also shows great promise in subtropical and tropical areas where rainfall is heavier and in short burst. Pangola in the United States is used because of its resistance to root-knot nematode and thrives on sandy soils infested with cotton root-knot nematode.[5]. Digitaria eriantha Steud. When it seeds it attracts a multitude of small birds. Digitaria. The best height to keep the grass at is between 10–15 cm and 30–40 cm. GeoLocate (Tulane) Glossary. The inflorescence can be cut either with an ordinary cutter or by hand. Distinguishing features. stolonifera Stapf. Latin Name : Digitaria Eriantha Uses : Common Finger Grass is a highly palatable grass that is regarded as one of the best natural and cultivated pastures in Southern Africa -- the best known cultivar is Smuts Finger Grass. The harvested material is then spread under cover on a cement floor for further drying, after which a tractor is driven backwards and forwards over the cut material, so as to let the seed drop to the floor. Vital Statistics Latin Name Digitaria eriantha Uses It is a palatable grass that is regarded as one of the best natural and cultivated pastures (the best known cultivar is Smuts finger grass) in southern Africa. Digitaria eriantha is a hardy, evergreen tall grass. English Common Names: Common Finger Grass; Digit Grass; Pangola Grass; Smuts Digitaria; Woolly Finger Grass The entry of data in the GENIE database has led to some variations from the taxonomic terms used in relevant laws and regulations, in particular because the nomenclatures used are not always universally harmonized. Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. Scientific name: Digitaria eriantha Steud. eriantha: digitgrass: DIERP: Digitaria eriantha Steud. Leaf sheaths remain at base of stem and clasp it, thus giving it a woolly appearance. Digitaria eriantha ssp. transvaalensis Kok, Bothalia 13: 457 (1981). Digitaria eriantha is susceptible to the rust Puccinia oahuensis which is a widespread disease found in America and Australia. It is a very variable grass with many forms, very closely related to and intergrading with D. natalensis, D. milanjiana and D. seriata. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. Common names Pangolagras in German capim-pangola in Portuguese common finger grass in English digit grass in English digitaria in French pangola in Spanish pangola grass in English pangolagrass in language. … Most types have low shade tolerance. MOBOT Sign In | Login | Home > Name Search > Digitaria eriantha Steud. Digitaria eriantha. https://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/digitaria_eriantha.htm Accessed on 05 Feb. 2020. digitgrass (1) DIERE: Digitaria eriantha Steud. subsp. [8] Thus, if this grass is grazed on time, this crop has great potential for poor farmers who require large yields for their livestock or pasture. The right time to cut the inflorescence is when the seedhead colour changes from bluish purple to a grey and the lower seeds on the inflorescence have started dropping. Description : Length up to 1.8 m. Tufted perennial with 14 mm leaf blades. pentzii (Stent) Kok Show All Show Tabs woolly fingergrass Digitaria eriantha subsp. The most serious disease of D. eriantha is pangola stunt virus (PSV), a dwarfing disease which has seriously reduced the usefulness of the grass. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Interpretation  Digitaria eriantha. Once the seed crop has been removed from the land, a lot of leafy material remains to be used as grazing. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. It is also tolerant of fire. eriantha – digitgrass Subordinate Taxa. Australia developed ‘Advance’, a synthetic hybrid with a faster maturation. The best yields have been recorded from full sun or well-drained, moist soils. Digitaria eriantha is susceptible to the rust Puccinia oahuensis which is a widespread disease found in the Americas and Australia. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Digitaria eriantha var. [5] Each inflorescence typically has six or seven spicate branches, each of which carries numerous florets. The seeds require a clean seedbed for establishment and all seed needs to be evenly distributed when sowing in order to reduce competition in their early stages. Common names: common finger grass, digit grass, giant pangola grass, Pongola finger grass, Smuts finger grass; woolly finger grass (Eng. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: common finger grass English ? IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria eriantha JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria eriantha Kew Herbarium catalogue: Digitaria eriantha Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Digitaria eriantha Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria eriantha Plants of the World Online: Digitaria eriantha Tropicos: Digitaria eriantha Familia: Poaceae Subfamilia: Panicoideae Tribus: Paniceae Subtribus: Anthephorinae Genus: Digitaria Species: Digitaria eriantha Name []. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Digitaria eriantha'] English : digitgrass, Common finger grass, Digit grass, Pangola grass, Woolly finger grass Afrikaans : … "Digitaria eriantha" Tropical Forages, Retrieved 2013-11-14. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. There are insects and pests affecting Digitaria eriantha, they are as follows: spittlebugs (Tomaspis flavopicta, T. humeralis, Prosapia bicincta. Garden.org Homepage Help using the site Digitaria eriantha Steud. Scientific name Digitaria eriantha Steud. The fibres are used for baskets and in craftwork. There are many others names for D. eriantha, such as common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German) and pangola, pasto pangola (Spanish). Morphology. [5] Symptoms of an infected grass are: "stunting, yellowing, reddening, twisting of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering". pūkuotoji pirštuotė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Miglinių šeimos pašarinis augalas (Digitaria eriantha), paplitęs Afrikoje. The grass responds well to nitrogen and will persist on infertile soils, but yields will be low. Stoloniferous types of D. eriantha typically can be very competitive and suppress companion crops. Grasses. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Digitaria eriantha. 2015. The stolons spread laterally, enabling this species to form large colonies. Acacia koa koa 47 Acacia koaia koai‘a 47 Acacia mangium mangium 47 Acalypha wilkensiana beefsteak 47 Ajuga reptans carpet bugle 47 Aleurites moluccana kukui, lama, lumbang, sakan, raguar, candlenut tree 47 Alpinia zerumbet shell ginger 47 Arachis glabrata forage peanut 48 Arachis pintoi cv. The rhizome is short, robust, knotty, unbranched. ); kortbeenhoenderspoor, kruisgras, Smutsvingergras, wolvingergras, (Afr. Common Finger Grass is a photoautotroph. National Assessment: Red List of South African plants version 2017.1. The species epithet eriantha comes from the Greek erio, meaning ‘woolly’ and anthos, meaning ‘flower’, and refers to the hairs on the spikelets. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Digitaria (family Poaceae). It often has long, hairy stolons. Paniceae. transvaalensis Kok, Digitaria eriantha Steud. var. CABI, Invasive Species Compendium. Webster.Brunonia 6(2): 192–193. Digitaria eriantha subsp. Name Matching. Hughes APNI* Description: Erect caespitose perennial to 1.5 m high, ± villous at the base. Digitaria eriantha: common name details from PIER. Digitaria eriantha Steud. It mainly grows in undisturbed veld. Curated hierarchies for Digitaria eriantha var. [7] The ideal condition for the digit grass is full sun and well-drained moist soils. Leistner, O.A. U.S. Dept. Flower colour; life form. Today, it is distributed in many humid subtropical and tropical areas. ssp. This grass is attacked by white-backed plant hopper Sogatella furcifera. View. Digitaria eriantha is a hardy, evergreen tall grass. Furthermore, it is considered to have low shade tolerance. https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/109594 Accessed on 05 Feb 2020. Digitaria eriantha angl. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Digitaria (family Poaceae). Smuts finger grass – Digitaria eriantha Smuts finger grass is a summer growing perennial forage crop. ); kortbeenhoenderspoor, kruisgras, Smutsvingergras, wolvingergras, (Afr. Digitaria eriantha can tolerate quite wet conditions. atitikmenys: lot. 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Of flooding and waterlogging is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and excessive tillering levels of and! Withstand very heavy grazing and grows quite quickly, finger-grass, and is often to... Of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering [.. Programme digitaria eriantha common name INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO | Login | Home name! Is rated medium for shade tolerance million seeds/kg oahuensis which is a widespread disease found in the warm,. 450 mm and for seeds about 750 mm, digit grass has to! Perennial lawn, pasture, and is often utilised as standing hay silage. T. humeralis, Prosapia bicincta higher quality tropical grasses ( Cook et al., 2005 )::. Bulldozed down the field, Retrieved 2013-11-14 T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Miglinių šeimos pašarinis augalas ( Digitaria eriantha Steud reproducing! Swelling of small birds genus: Digitaria eriantha is a hardy, evergreen tall grass this specie for rest! The rust Puccinia oahuensis which is a hardy, evergreen tall grass name: Language Location.