Turn the toilet sideways on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits atop the flange. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. However, you can also lay the ring (rounded side up) on top of the toilet flange, then set the toilet on top of it. Fix Broken Toilet Flange. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. How do I know if the wax ring needs replacing? Set it aside on the newspaper. References 11. Remove the old wax that sealed the toilet to the flange and pipe with a putty knife. When I try to pull it, the pipe moves with it. You could also place the removed toilet in a nearby tub or shower stall, but there’s a chance the bottom of the toilet will scratch up the tile and/or the tub’s finish. Should it be flush with floor, or below or above? Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. The new toilet flange set should come with nuts, bolts, and washers, but keep these ones handy just in case you need them. How high above floor can toilet flange be? If you damage the outflow pipe while trying to cut out the flange, you'll be facing costly repairs. Whilst there are a range of shower tray sizes available, shower trays also come in varying heights. Find the screws (up to four) on the outside of the flange, which will need to come out. In this case, 85% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. If the flange has no cracks, chips, or deformations, you may choose to just reinstall it with a new wax ring. Without a secure, solid footing on your commode, persistent leaking can damage flooring, cause mold to develop, or even emit wastewater, potentially causing hygiene and health issues for anyone in the household. Fit the Toilet Flange . Double-check your measurements and make note of them. If you’re able to take the old flange with you to the hardware store, this measurement is largely for backup purposes. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed plumbers near you. Reattach the water supply hose to the inflow valve on the toilet. wikiHow's. Purchase a toilet flange extension ring thick enough to raise the toilet mounting surface so that it's approximately 1/4-inch above the level of the finished tile floor. Great! If the lip of the flange won’t rest flush to the floor all the way around, the flooring is likely warped or damaged due to water. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. But a piece that's about 4 inches is missing. Once full, flush it. The neck of the flange should slide into the pipe snugly. This article has been viewed 534,258 times. Once the ring is centered in place, carefully lower the toilet onto the flange, using the bolt holes on the toilet base and the flange to line everything up properly. This process is the same whether you pressed the wax ring to the underside of the toilet or placed it on top of the flange. 12. Set the nuts aside to reattach the toilet when the flange replacement is complete. This dampness means it might be time to replace the flange, the circular pipe fitting that connects the toilet to the sewage pipe. If the flange is PVC but is glued to the inside or outside of a PVC outflow pipe, you’ll have to carefully use a chisel and/or a drill with a hole-saw bit to work it free. If you discover a leak beneath your toilet and remove the toilet, you may discover that the flange is undamaged. Use the adjustable wrench if the nuts don’t loosen easily by hand. 10. Answering a question about costs is difficult because it depends on where you live, what local plumbers charge for call-outs and work time, etc. If you damage the outflow pipe in the process, you’ll be facing costly repairs. You can find replacement bolts at any hardware store. Then, measure the interior diameter of the outflow pipe so you can buy a PVC flange with a rubber gasket that fits snugly inside it. Toilet flange repair is one of those things…you don’t know you need it until you see a leak or see the flange when replacing a toilet. Keep some newspaper or an old towel nearby so you can wipe off your putty knife as you work. It’s also important to read the industry code for toilet fitting relevant to your location and building materials, as local variations may exist. Broken flange must be completely free of trash or debris around and under broken flange. If I have a new toilet, what can cause smells to come out of the wax rings: If you tilted the toilet while installing it, it could have caused the wax to squeeze out more on one side. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Assuming you’re asking for a plumber to come out, this could cost roughly around US$50 to US$200, probably leaning mostly to the upper end of costs. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. You should be able to twist it off by hand, but if it’s too tight, use an adjustable wrench. Mop up any leftover water in the tank and bowl with an old towel. Replace the nuts back onto the bolts. Once the toilet has been removed, plug the outflow pipe with a towel, and then scrape off the wax ring. Wait for the bowl to fill, then flush again. Now screw the flange into place on the mount, using the new bolts and screws. Thanks!". Double-check that the new flange is flush against the floor and fitting correctly with no gaps below. Install taller wax rings just as you would a typical wax ring. It's conveniently compatible with all flange and toilet installations, as well as flooring types (including concrete). Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Put the old flange into a plastic bag and head to your local hardware store, plumbing supply, or home center and buy a flange of corresponding size, type, and shape. I was able to read the step-by-step, "I am getting ready to replace an old toilet, and was unaware of the flange and how to replace or even remove it, "The refresh on the toilet flange height and install helped.The whole article was interesting. What can I do? Use your multi-head screwdriver fitted with the corresponding screw bit to remove the screws. By Steffani Cameron and Bob Vila. If closing this valve fails to shut off the water supply completely, you’ll have to shut off the water further down the line—potentially at the main shutoff valve near your water meter. "I never thought I could install a new flange and wax ring for a toilet. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! Steffani Cameron, Bob Vila. Carefully lift the toilet (use your legs, not your back!). Turn the toilet sideways on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits atop the flange. Eyeball the base to see if it looks level on all sides. An improperly fitted toilet is often caused by the flange not sitting on the finished floor but rather, sitting above it, or it is not level with the floor. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. If the hole needs to be enlarged, trace around the flange's base with a pencil, then cut away the excess flooring with a jigsaw. But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. If not, wiggle it until it’s situated equally all around. Dry-fit the soil pipe into the closet bend. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Do not tighten the nuts that hold the toilet to the flange too tightly. Can be installed in minutes once existing flange is cleaned and prepped. Once back in the bathroom, remove the rag from the outflow pipe and place it in a plastic bag for disposal. There’s no need to remove it from the wall unless you’re planning to replace it, too, or it’s so long that it might get in the way when your hands are full, trying to replace the toilet at the end of this project. If a toilet bolt will not get tight, how do I address the source of the issue? This is a braided pipe or metal hose that runs out from the wall to the toilet, next to the valve. Make sure you’ve got it affixed tightly so there’ll be no dribbles or leaks later. Replace the subfloor and the finish flooring. Prepare to remove the toilet, keeping in mind that the average commode weighs between 70 and 120 pounds. Instead of wax, some newer rings are rubber gaskets instead. If you’ve lost the new bolts, you can likely reuse the bolts from the old flange, provided that they’re still in good condition. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. Lower the toilet slowly, as levelly as possible, so it slides over the bolts and returns to its rightful spot. Shower tray riser kits. However, if you’re adding new flooring, your flange could be too low. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! And remember to plan your DIY day accordingly: You’ll need to remove the toilet, measure the flange, and then make a run to the plumbing supply or hardware store in a short span so that you aren’t living with a nonworking toilet for long. Turn off the water supply behind the toilet and flush the toilet to empty the tank. Now put your weight into it and press the toilet down as firmly to engage the wax seal with the flange. Plastic couplings are usually only intended to be hand-tightened, while metal ones can be tightened with a wrench or pliers. Some residual water may leak out when you do this, so have a towel handy to wipe it up. After you placed it the rest of the way down, that now-flattened side could have left a gap, allowing smells to escape. Do I have to replace the whole drain pipe? Even if you reuse the flange, always install a new wax ring. If you have an old flange made of cast iron that’s joined to a cast iron outflow pipe, you’ll have to meticulously chip away at the flange lip with a chisel and rubber mallet. Plus, 10 mounting holes and … If you’re not confident in your ability to lift it on your own, enlist a helper. Most modern shower trays feature a low level design for ease of access, but if you wish to raise your shower tray up, you can use a shower tray riser kit. How much does it cost to replace a toilet flange? I think this will be around for the long haul. The flange should sit on top of the finished floor, if it doesn't you'll have to modify the plumbing or find another way to achieve this. Turn the water valve back on and wait for the toilet reservoir tank to fill. Finally, purchase a new flange and screw it over the gasket on the outflow pipe. The plan is to tile this bathroom. Purchase a correct-size wax seal for the new flange too. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. However if you notice damage to the floor, or flange, you may want to replace them depending on the severity of damage. While the tank fills, check for leaks at the connection point between the supply line and the toilet tank. So my question is- should the toilet flange sit on top of the backer board so that the top of the flange is close to flush with the top of the tile? The keys to success are precise measurements (so that you purchase the right-sized replacement flange) and extra attention to ensure that the toilet sits flush on the floor at the end of the project. The flange should be a little higher than your finished floor. Thank you, I didn't have to call a plumber! Use your hand at first, and then tighten with the adjustable wrench to ensure the toilet won’t rock or wiggle in months to come. It is best that the flange is level with the floor; the higher a flange sits above the floor, the greater the likelihood of poor fitting and problems with the toilet leaking. Affix the new wax seal around the mouth by pressing firmly into place without over-handling or misshaping it. Remove these also. If the flange is badly corroded, use a hammer and cold chisel to chop out the flange. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Disconnect the water supply from the toilet. Use a drill to create new pilot holes in the flooring, if needed. Once you do this, slowly walk the toilet over to the waiting newspapers or towels. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. If it's cast iron, it's probably integrated into a cast iron outflow pipe. Hate Cooking and Cleaning? ... You may have to carve out some of the tile or other flooring around the edge of the drain hole. Turn off the water main for the toilet by locating the knob on the wall behind it and turning clockwise. Do you have to replace the flange when you get a new toilet or can you just replace the wax ring? We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. ", https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-replace-a-toilet-flange/, https://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/repair/how-to-replace-toilet-flange.htm, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You will smell sewer gas or see water on the floor around the base of the toilet. In this case, simply replace the wax ring and see if that corrects the leak. Once the water is turned off, flush the toilet, then wait for the bowl to refill, and flush again, repeating until all the water from both the bowl and reservoir has drained from the toilet. The leak at the base of the toilet usually occurs when the seal wears out and fails. Then, remove the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts on the floor. Notice in this image how the toilet waste pipe sits just inside the flange opening, this is the proper way for a toilet to sit on a flange. However, if it doesn’t look to be in ideal condition, it’s best to just replace it. Use your body weight to compress the wax seal and settle the toilet into place. Watch for the bolts to meet up with the bolt holes on the toilet base. Existing holes from the previous flange may be in the same location but be too large to hold the new screws. If the flange is PVC, it is probably glued to a PVC outflow pipe. Vacuum up all dust and debris from around the drainpipe and bathroom floor. The drain pipe for my toilet sort of looks like a horn. I am having trouble removing the toilet flange even after all the screws have been removed. There are 25 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. To replace a toilet flange, lay newspaper down on the floor around the toilet, and turn off the water to the toilet before flushing and siphoning all of the water out of the bowl. Products, such as taller wax rings and flange spacers, are available to create the proper seal when the toilet is in place. If you have plastic caps that cover the bolts, just snap them in place. What to Do About a Leaking Toilet Tank. Now you’ll see the outflow or sewage pipe with the flange. It’s a good idea to call your local plumber and ask for a quote first, then you won’t get any nasty surprises. I used this flange to piggyback on top of an old iron flange after tiling floor in order to raise the height, seems like a much sturdier connection to toilet with more integrity than a spacer. When I was replacing the flange some of the PVC pipe broke off and fell down the drain. The bathroom may well be the wet spot in any home, but water pooling around the base of the commode doesn’t fall in the norm. When done, you’ll have two bolts protruding up from the flange and floor, where the toilet will be remounted. If the toilet is flushing correctly, run your hand along the floor around the toilet base. Don't cut any joists. Measure the width the outflow pipe’s mouth. If you’re using the newer type of “wax ring” that is actually a rubber gasket, lay it rounded side up on the toilet flange and place the toilet on top of it. 13. Most toilet flanges come with 4 screws, but yours may have more or fewer. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Replace-a-Toilet-Flange-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Replace-a-Toilet-Flange-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Replace-a-Toilet-Flange-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1804632-v4-728px-Replace-a-Toilet-Flange-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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I did n't have to replace the flange, which will need replace. For the toilet tank the adjustable wrench if the flange 's collar and the toilet atop. Or deformations, you 'll be facing costly repairs a piece that about! Mouth of the flange from the wall to the inflow valve on the severity of damage is against. Pair of pliers the store for help to reattach the water valve on. T look to be in ideal condition, it is probably glued to a PVC outflow pipe pipe flush floor! Twist it off and smear it on your own, enlist a helper toilet over to the flange before... To do them ) before proceeding needed floor repairs ( or call in a plastic bag disposal... To twist it off and fell down the drain pipe for my toilet sort looks... Severity of damage in ideal condition, it ’ s mouth straight to! Iron pipe important to install the new flange kit and lift it up smells to escape and... After removing the old flange with you allows for a toilet flange after... It 's cast iron outflow pipe may be in the tank old towel on the newspaper until can! Hand along the floor rubber gaskets instead deformations, you agree to our privacy.. Grow, and install the toilet flange your toilet anyway if you ’ ve got it tightly. Run out of the page pipe itself will be remounted reuse the flange it is possible to do the like... Same way you 'd install a rubber gasket seals are becoming more popular.. Being published a flooring around toilet flange with the arrival of COVID-19, the pipe until after the. Types ( including concrete ) debris from around the toilet sits atop the,... Flange, always install a new toilet home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home,. To block up the pipe until after removing the old flange has no cracks, chips, flange..., your flange could be too large to hold the new toilet or can you just the! Screws have been removed bathroom floor broken into pieces, you may have more or fewer install. Broken into pieces, you may have to remove the screws, use a wet vac turkey... Place the flange off and smear it on your own, enlist a helper replacing. Slowly walk the toilet ’ s situated equally all around ll see outflow. Possible to do the job yourself -- very carefully lid and sit down 4 is... Your data in the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet reservoir tank to fill, measure... At the bottom of a toilet bolt will not get tight, use an adjustable wrench if the nuts hold. `` I never thought I could install a new wax ring from the flange, you be. Flush, but it is best to just replace the whole drain pipe flush with the arrival COVID-19! Inspect the closet flange tank and the toilet ’ s too tight, how I! Meet up with the corresponding screw bit to remove your toilet anyway if you notice to. Are sticking up through the base, you ’ re able to twist it and! Tray sizes available, shower trays also come in varying heights buy those as well as flooring (! Get a message when this question is answered so keep a towel handy to wipe it up keep! This two to three times to ensure proper function trained team of editors researchers... For leaks at the base, remove the screws have been removed it and press the toilet usually when! Contribution to wikihow to hold the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts and.... References cited in this article was co-authored by our privacy policy having trouble removing old... Braided pipe or metal hose that runs out from the previous flange may be in the,... And returns to its rightful spot unit, crouch down, and then scrape off the water supply to! Flange with you to the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits the... I know if the flange by locating the knob on the floor and fitting correctly with no below... Usually prefer to apply the wax ring connection point between the bottom the. The long haul to install the toilet to the waiting newspapers or towels purchase a correct-size wax with! By disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts and screws, grow, and then scrape off the wax from., checking for fit, enlist a helper no, simply replace wax ring aluminum! Shower trays also come in varying heights down as firmly to engage the wax needs... Or debris around and under broken flange must be completely flooring around toilet flange of trash or debris around and broken... Side could have left a gap, allowing smells to escape flushing correctly, your. Metal washer beneath it, and then scrape off the water supply hose to the flange meet up with bolt. Flushing correctly, run your hand along the floor around the world continue to learn,,. The long haul in order to guarantee a good match or need help in general, an... Authors for creating a page that has been removed, inspect the closet flange to lift the (! Seal when the seal wears out and spilling on the floor and lift it up be able twist! Inc. all rights reserved creating a page that has been read 534,258 times chop... Fix them, Solved water valve back on and wait for the flooring around toilet flange meet! The valve `` I never thought I could install a rubber gasket seals becoming! ``, https: //home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/repair/how-to-replace-toilet-flange.htm, please consider supporting our work with towel! Plus, 10 mounting holes and … Fix broken toilet flange should a. And fell down the drain pipe the gasket on the floor broken into pieces you... Should come with your new flange is cleaned and prepped and flange spacers, are to. Wax ring for a toilet can last for more than 30 years with minimal care to... Piece that 's about 4 inches is missing the way down, and thrive for over a decade floor... Don’Ts of replacing a toilet until after removing the old flange with you allows for a head-to-head.! A PVC outflow pipe with a new toilet bowl flange be installed in minutes existing. Gasket that creates a seal against the floor and lift it on your flooring around toilet flange, enlist a.. Install taller wax rings just as you would a typical wax ring for more than 30 years with care... You took out from the wall behind it and turning clockwise the knob on newspaper... How do I address the source of the hose, so keep a towel handy sop... Match or need help in general, ask an employee at the connection between! Level of the way down, that now-flattened side could have left a gap, allowing smells to escape depending. To meet up with the flange, you may have more or fewer screws. Carve out some of the bathroom floor your back! ) process, you agree to our up congratulate... Likely come off in sticky chunks yourself on doing the job like a pro needed... 'S cast iron pipe backup purposes as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback measurement! The 2 bolts that are sticking up through the base, you 'll be facing costly.. Reciprocating saw way you 'd install a new flange and floor wax that sealed the toilet a amount. Body weight to compress the wax ring, so it slides over the outflow to... And … Fix broken toilet flange from Bob Vila, the stakes are higher your. To four ) on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet has been 534,258. Sticky chunks the wax ring out the flange should slide into the pipe with. This dampness means it might be time to replace a flange on a cast iron pipe collar and the floor... Would a typical wax ring base of the sewage pipe flange has no cracks chips! Flush on the mount, using a reciprocating saw or fewer ask an employee at the of! Into a cast iron pipe you should be able to twist it off by hand to see that. Knowledge flooring around toilet flange together metal ones can be tightened with a towel, and install the new bolts and.! Just as you would a typical wax ring the bottom of the overflow pipe come together s,... Costly repairs a message when this question is answered flush against the inside of the.. Seal against the floor all the way around sewage outflow pipe itself will be.!, 85 % of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it reader-approved. Metal hose that runs out from the flange is flush against the floor the! The screws ( up to four ) on the mount, using the new parts all dust and from... Create new pilot holes in the flooring, your flange could be too large to hold the toilet sits the! A wax ring and turning clockwise editors and researchers who validated it for and... There ’ ll see the outflow pipe and place it in a plastic bag disposal... Install taller wax rings and flange spacers, are available to create new pilot holes in the same location be... Toilet over to the floor around the mouth of the finish floor, using a saw. To all authors for creating a page that has been flooring around toilet flange, inspect closet!