feathers present among the coverts (three alternate inner greater coverts that are darker Photos by Marcel Gahbauer, Delta Marsh Bird Observatory (MB), May 2009, An ASY male Audubon's Warbler, similar to the Myrtle Warbler examples above, but Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. The wing and tail (and if possible, the skull) often need to be checked to be confident of age and sex. As insects get harder to find, it starts eating berries, especially bayberries, also known as myrtle berries. Audubon's Warblers tend to have more extensive Female and Fall Male and Immatures: Females and fall males have yellow shoulder patches, immatures lack this. Yellow-rumped Warblers are vivid and conspicuous birds that search for food both high and low in Douglas firs or pines. As with males, SY females have minimal edging on the primary coverts, which if present if more of a beige-brown than silvery-gray. During fall migration, most warblers are cloaked in subdued tones of brown, gray, yellow, and olive. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), May 2008, A closer view of an SY female Audubon's Warbler; note again the three generations of Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, The uppertail coverts have large black centres with bluish McGill Bird Observatory (QC), May 2005, JUL - DEC:  after-hatch-year the breast, a dark gray to blackish facial mask, and a mottled brown-gray back. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. Included in this species are two different-looking forms, the eastern … A typical AHY male Myrtle Warbler wing, dark overall, with the primary coverts broad and McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2010, Another AHY female, with somewhat more black on the uppertail coverts, but with the Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, all within the greater coverts, as the outermost feather in that tract is still a juvenile feather, Introductory notes: McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2010, A more typical AHY female tail, with an intermediate amount of black on the uppertail The uppertail coverts have narrow to moderately wide black centres, with at least some brown edging. Banff National Park (QC), May 2007. Yellow indicates the summer-only range, blue indicates the winter-only range, and green indicates the year-round range of … above, but the white patch on r4 is more extensive. the overall quality of the wing still more uniform than would be seen on SY females. A distinct HY male Myrtle Warbler wing, with a molt limit very apparent thanks to the boldly marked than the SY Myrtle Warblers above, but note the strong contrast between Photo by Peter Pyle, birds, Myrtle Warbler for the white-throated eastern ones. Distinctions between SY and ASY females can be subtle, and usually a good look at the wing and tail is required to determine age. Incubated usually by female, 12-13 days. Upperparts mostly gray with some brown; gray auricular; white throat; dark uppertail coverts with mostly blue edging and some brown; primary coverts moderately dark with silvery edging. Myrtle Warblers were common throughout the remainder of October, the minimum catch being 14 birds on 26 October. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), September 2005. All Myrtle Warblers have predominantly brownish upperparts in fall, but AHY males tend to have the greatest amount of blue-gray on the wings, back and sometimes even the crown. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, Some may lack yellow crown and side patches. In winter, usually forages in flocks. uppertail coverts. Banff National Park (AB), May 2007, JAN - JUL:  second-year Among warblers it is one of the last to leave North America in the fall, and among the first to return. In most cases this provides the best way to separate SY and ASY females, but in cases where all greater coverts have been replaced during the prealternate molt, the appearance of the SY wing may look more similar to the ASY pattern, and extra caution is required. An SY male Audubon's Warbler, from this view indistinguishable from an ASY male. The genus name Setophaga is from Ancient Greek ses, "moth", and phagos, "eating", and the specific coronata means "crowned". Normally 2 broods per year. Warbler:  similar, but with yellow throat; extent of and the slightly darker and fresher inner alternate greater coverts; I call them fashion birds ! Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2010, Another female Myrtle Warbler recognizable as an AHY individual by virtue of the final Banff National Park (AB), May 2007, JAN - JUL:  after-second-year Upperparts brownish with some blue-gray; auricular brownish-gray; relatively dark but dull wings with gray edging to the primary coverts; rectrices broad, rounded; dark uppertail coverts with a mix of blue-gray and brown edging. r4) and that there is a fair amount of brown on the uppertail coverts. Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler S. c. coronata. A typical SY Myrtle Warbler wing, with three generations of feathers present: five blackish retained and contrasting with the replaced formative greater coverts and carpal covert. OVERVIEW. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, While most of its relatives migrate to the tropics in fall, the Yellow-rump, able to live on berries, commonly remains as far north as New England and Seattle; it is the main winter warbler in North America. Creamy white with brown and gray marks. You can read about this species here . female. In fall, the Yellow-rumped usually migrates later than other warblers, appearing on wintering grounds around the same time as other winter residents such as the White-throated Sparrow, Golden-crowned Kinglet, and Brown Creeper. important to take all clues into consideration, especially the wing. Photo by Marie-Anne Hudson, edging, occasionally with a hint of brown at the tip. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Audubon's Warblers, with some on all rectrices except r1. The. In West, breeds up to 12,000' in mountain conifer forests. faded, contrasting with the uppertail coverts. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, Young leave nest after 10-12 days, can fly short distances 2-3 days later. in rectrix shape and the extent of white on the outer rectrices. Note McGill Bird Observatory (QC), May 2007. Photo by Peter Pyle, San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory (CA), April 2006, The colours in this photo are a bit skewed by the direct sunlight, but again it is readily A Myrtle race Yellow-rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata, in Fall plumage, perched on a mossy log at a pond in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada ID: KCKF32 (RF) ASY Yellow-rumped Warblers tend to have relatively broad, rounded, and fresh rectrices compared to SY individuals. Learn more about these drawings. HY males often have some white extending to r4, but in some cases it is limited to r5 and r6. A typical ASY female wing, with a subtle contrast between the greater and primary coverts, McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2005. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, An ASY male Myrtle Warbler with blackish rectrices that are broad and rounded and have The Myrtle Warbler’s call is a sharp, emphatic and nonmusical ‘chek’ which, once learned, is quite distinct among the warblers. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), August 2009, Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, There is usually a contrast between the dark gray inner greater coverts and the browner, relatively worn tertials. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, (Old-time birders refer to this bird as the myrtle warbler.) fairly rounded and featuring distinct silvery edging. throat; black uppertail coverts with mostly blue edging; primary coverts dark with silvery edging. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), May 2005, An SY female Myrtle Warbler with more gray on the head, but note the strong contrast In summer, Yellow-rumped Warblers are birds of open coniferous forests and edges, and to a lesser extent deciduous forests. wing of ASY females is paler and duller than that of ASY males, but again there is a contrast between the greater coverts and primary coverts that is more subtle than that seen on SY birds. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, basic greater coverts The first Myrtle Warbler was caught on 21 September (1 bird). SY Yellow-rumped Warblers tend to have somewhat narrower and more pointed rectrices than ASY individuals. Will forage on ground, and will cling to tree trunks and branches. Upperparts brownish with some blue-gray; auricular brownish-gray; relatively dark greater coverts contrasting with brownish flight feathers; rectrices sometimes narrowish; blackish uppertail coverts with a mix of blue-gray and brown edging. it not for this clue, the overall appearance of the wing could easily be mistaken for an Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, While most of its relatives migrate to the tropics in fall, the Yellow-rump, able to live on berries, commonly remains as far north as New England and Seattle; it is the main winter warbler in North America. Upperparts brownish-gray; gray and indistinct auricular; white throat; narrow to moderately wide black uppertail coverts, with some brown edging; often three generations of feathers among the greater and primary coverts. The uppertail coverts of ASY females have moderately to very wide black centres with largely blue-gray edging, but usually also some brown. A particularly boldly coloured SY male Myrtle Warbler, with a solid black mask, and only A typical ASY female Myrtle Warbler, with a bit of yellow and some black streaking on but relatively dark overall, with relatively little brown edging on the uppertail coverts. Inglewood Bird Sanctuary (AB), August 2010. In winter, flocks may wander in search of food sources. Conifer forests. and distinct edging to the primary coverts. gray-blue in the lesser and median coverts. In the yellow‐rumped warbler, evidence suggests that mtDNA from the eastern, myrtle warbler, has introgressed across much of the range of the western form, the Audubon's warbler. Photo by Manon Dub�, Myrtle Yellow-rumped Warbler in a Chinese Sumac tree – Nikon D500, f7.1, 1/1250, ISO 500, Nikkor 500mm VR with 1.4x TC, natural light . Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, A typical AHY female wing, showing a contrast between the greater and primary coverts, the rectrices are still relatively narrow, and could likely be separated from ASY On average they have an intermediate amount of white on the tail. Photo by Marie-Anne Hudson, Experienced birders recognize myrtle warblers with the naked eye by their flycatcher-like habit of making short flights from their perch in search of bugs. Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, greater coverts that were replaced during the preformative molt, and the paler block of Upperparts largely brown with a bit of blue-gray; auricular grayish and indistinct; wing relatively dull, with greater coverts contrasting moderately with brownish flight feathers; rectrices sometimes narrowish; narrow dark centres to uppertail coverts with a mix of gray and brown edging. female. of the greater coverts and the back (the contrast is rarely this apparent). Juvenile Myrtle Warblers have a relatively uniform dull gray-brown wing. Migration Research Foundation Inc. Upperparts bluish gray; bright yellow crown patch; black auricular; white There is usually a contrast between the dark gray inner greater coverts and the browner, relatively worn tertials. coverts that are almost entirely black, with a bit of gray-blue edging. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. Note that were McGill Bird Observatory (QC), May 2010, Another ASY female Myrtle Warbler, with a bit more white on r4. McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2010, Another HY male, with a bit less white on r4 and more brown edging on the uppertail It’s the least you can do. The "Myrtle" form, mostly eastern, also winters commonly in streamside trees near coast in Pacific states. Note that in this case there is a contrast between the outermost three Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, Photo by Marcel Gahbauer, McGill Bird Observatory (QC), October 2010. In the fall, large waves of migrants leave the Cascades and more northerly habitats and arrive in the eastern Washington lowlands. quite brownish, and the minimal edging on the primary coverts is also pale brown. AHY males have the darkest wings of all age/sex classes. 4-5, sometimes only 3. In winter, varied; open woods, brush, thickets, gardens, even beaches. amount of white on r5 and r6, and a bit extending to r4; the uppertail coverts are mostly black and with barely any brown along the edge, which is relatively uncommon for females. On males, the uppertail coverts usually have large black centres with mostly bluish-gray edging; there is usually some brown too, but it may have largely worn off by spring. ASY males tend to have a darker head and are uniformly gray-blue on the neck and back, whereas SY males usually show some retained brown in those areas. Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. 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