Res ipsa loquitur is Latin, and when translated directly means the thing speaks for itself. Last Name. Legal definition of res ipsa loquitur: a doctrine or rule of evidence in tort law that permits an inference or presumption that a defendant was negligent in an accident injuring the plaintiff on the basis of circumstantial evidence if the accident was of a kind that does not … Res ipsa loquitur is a legal doctrine used in personal injury cases to establish that a defendant acted negligently.It allows a judge or jury to presume negligence when the facts of a case show that an accident occurred and there is no other explanation for it but for the defendant’s acts.The doctrine of res ipsa loquitur has been adopted by most jurisdictions in the U.S. News & Insights. To prove res ipsa loquitor negligence, the plaintiff must prove 3 things: The incident was of a type that does not generally happen without negligence; It was caused by an instrumentality solely in defendant’s control; The plaintiff did not contribute to the cause Limitations on Res Ipsa Loquitur You may need to use the legal theory to recover compensation for your damages. Res Ipsa Hits 47,000,000 This morning, we passed the 47,000,000 mark in views on the blog. “The thing speaks for itself.” That is the translation of the Latin term res ipsa loquitur. It is the rule that the fact of the occurrence of an injury, taken with the surrounding circumstances, may permit an inference or raise a presumption of negligence, or make out a plaintiff’s prima facie case, and present a question of fact for defendant to meet with an explanation. Well, res ipsa loquitur is similar to that line of thinking. First Name. Recent News; Legal Updates; Newsletters Literally, res ipsa loquitur means "the thing speaks for itself." In terms of medical malpractice , the res ipsa doctrine refers to cases where the doctor’s treatment was so far below the appropriate standard of care that negligence is assumed. The phrase “res ipsa loquitur” is Latin and means that “the thing speaks for itself.” On its own, that will likely make no sense. We only just passed 46,000,000 but November had the greatest traffic for the blog in its history. The translation of the term is “the thing speaks for itself.”If you file a personal injury lawsuit regarding an accident or … Res ipsa loquitur permits a trier of fact to draw an inference of negligence if plaintiff demonstrates he or she was injured in an occurrence that ordinarily does not happen in the absence of negligence by an agency or instrumentality within the defendant's exclusive control. Res Ipsa Loquitur is a legal theory that can help individuals recover the compensation they deserve after an injury caused by another person. Under the common law of negligence, the res ipsa loquitur doctrine indicates that a breach of a party’s duty of care may be inferred from the events that occurred. [Latin: the thing speaks for itself]A principle often applied in the tort of negligence. The term res ipsa loquitur is frequently confused with the term prima facie, though there is a significant difference between the two as used in the legal system. We are not convinced. Res ipsa loquitur refers to a situation in which the facts of a case make it self-evident that the defendant’s negligence caused the plaintiff’s injury or damages. Literally, "res ipsa loquitur" is Latin for "the thing speaks for itself." Why would you care about this Latin term if you were injured in a car accident, motorcycle crash, pedestrian accident, slip and fall or other personal injury accident?