There are a few ways you can give your horse access to low sugar forages. If your horse needs extra feed in addition to the low sugar forage you are feeding you must be VERY careful when selecting a suitable feed. Meeting the laminitic horses requirements for protein, amino acids, vitamins and minerals will help them recover from any previous bouts of laminitis, help them to resist other disease and infection and will keep them in good overall health. Emergency diet for a horse with endocrinopathic laminitis Feed: Hay - feed approx. A high fibre, low starch and low sugar diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses. Often cereal chaff, such as oaten chaff, is used to make up a ‘hard’ feed’ for a stabled or confined horse or pony. Does the horse feed manufacturer have good raw material quality control? Laminitis is an extremely painful condition affecting 1 in 10 horses/ponies every year and can cause permanent damage to the hooves. Consider feeding either a low calorie, fibre-based feed that is balanced in vitamins and minerals or a low intake, … As explained, there are differences between the conditions in grass and the horse that give rise to spring and autumn laminitis, but both centre around the dysfunction caused by too high a protein and sugar intake. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. You should aim for a fat score of between 2.5-3 on a scale of 0-5. Keyflow® feeds also have the additional benefit of Protexin, a probiotic which, is ideal for a horse with laminitis. After-infection – for example, a mare who has recently foaled and has retained the afterbirth. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety of causes, including a diet too rich in NSCs. The basic principles of feeding laminitic horses are well-established: Avoid high-sugar and -starch feeds and lush green grass. Certain types of horses are prone to laminitis such as easy keepers, horses with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses. Side Bar – Feeds acceptable for feeding to horses with ECD, EMC, and IR Grass forages, grass/legume mixed forages, low quality pasture, variety of natural forages Concentrates containing a small amount of oats, beet pulp, rice bran, soybean hulls, flax seeds, vegetable fats. If you decide to try haylage, as with all new feeds, introduce it slowly over several days, and monitor your horse closely. The majority of cases of laminitis are associated with an underlying endocrine disease, commonly Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) or Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID or Cushings). Causes of Laminitis in Horses. If your horse does eat too much sweet feed (usually over 25 lbs or so), keep a close eye on him. Laminitis causes the sensitive lamellae to s… Feeding materials that have reasonable protein and low sugar/starch levels are a good starting point. June 14, 2015 Restricting Kurt’s food intake has not reduced his girth. We have also had great results with horses who have excess energy when working them. Balance the diet with a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and good quality protein from full fat soybean. Speedi-Beet and Fibre-Beet from British Horse Feeds are both approved by the Laminitis Trust. These are: Allow your horse to graze in the very early hours of the morning until about 11 am as this is when pasture sugar levels are lowest. Alfalfa helps slow down sugar absorption into the blood. The sensitive lamellae act like Velcro to form a strong bond to hold the pedal bone in place within the hoof. The Facts on Beet Pulp. OR Mix your own low sugar balanced feed by using high calorie unfortified feeds like soybean hulls or sugarbeet pulp, add your own vitamins and minerals via a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and add protein from soybean, lupins or faba beans. As most horses and ponies prone to laminitis tend to hold weight easily it is unlikely that they will need large concentrate meals, however, it is still very important that they get a balanced diet, providing all the essential vitamins and minerals for health and well-being. Dr Nerida RichardsEquilize Horse Nutrition Pty Ltd. How Well Do You Know Your Feed Manufacturer? If it is not holding its bodyweight on this diet, increase the amount of low sugar forage you are feeding and reassess your horse. If this reduction doesn’t achieve the weight loss you want, reduce the amount of forage being fed to 1.5% of the horse’s ideal bodyweight. How to nutritionally manage horses with laminitis? Once a horse or pony has suffered from a bout, they will be prone to the disease in the future so they must be managed very carefully. But that tired-looking autumn grass can be just as dangerous for some animals at risk of laminitis. Recent research proves that intensive ice soaking prevents laminitis in the early stages. As oxidative stress is involved in the laminitis process, higher than maintenance intakes of vitamin E are recommended. phone 01621 841 188 Ideally, feeds for laminitic horses should have a sugar and starch level of less than 12%. However, in many cases, high intakes of sugars and starches from pasture and grain play the bigger role in the development of laminitis. Sudden changes may disrupt the fragile balance of bacteria in the horse’s hind-gut which may increase the risk of colic and/or laminitis. In her book The Truth About Feeding Your Horse (2007), nutritionist Clare MacLeod says "Haylage can be a safe feed for laminitis-prone horses and ponies, but a high dry matter, high-fibre, low-protein haylage with low residual sugars should be selected." For instance, hoof trauma — like overtrimming or galloping on uneven, hard ground — can increase inflammation in the hoof area. Laminitis Trust approved feeds from British Horse Feeds. Keeping your horse at a healthy weight for their breed and height is an essential part of minimising the risk of laminitis. This is often due to lameness or pain on the other leg. Feeding Horses with Laminitis. However they need low sugar forages. This can make it a useful dietary addition to the feed for metabolic horses if they can tolerate it. Soaking hay for 12 hours in cold or 4 hours in warm water can reduce the NSC and calorie content, or alternatively mix hay with lower-calorie oat or barley straw (up to 50:50). Feeding horses that suffer from laminitis is an issue faced by increasing numbers of horse owners all over Australia. Feed-induced laminitis is linked to either obesity, chronic intake of grass or short term excessive intake of starchy feeds or rich grass. Excessive intake of grass or grain engorgement – for example, if a horse or pony gets into the feed room. Many feeds that contain grain by-products like millrun, bran or pollard advertise themselves as being ‘grain-free’. Fast Fibre, Veteran Light and ‘L’ Mix are designed specifically for horses and ponies prone to laminitis and are high in fibre and very low in starch and sugar, each with a combined level of under 10%. Avoid any hays that are known to have high levels of sugar, including ryegrass hay, oaten, wheaten or barley hay. Alternate calorie sources "If a laminitic horse is thin and needs more calories, feed beet pulp or a forage-based feed with edible oil added (not mineral oil)," says Ralston. If it still isn’t holding its bodyweight you can add a high calorie, low sugar unfortified feeds like soybean hulls or sugarbeet pulp to the existing diet. Balance the diet with a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and additional protein from soybean, lupins or faba beans if your pasture or hay quality is poor. Constantly assess your horse’s body weight and adjust the diet according to the rate of weight loss. If you are considering a particular feed for your laminitic horse, call the manufacturer to see if they have had the feeds sugar and starch levels tested and ask to see the results. In laminitis the blood flow to the laminae is disrupted, meaning that they weaken and possibly die. Does the horse feed contain high quality protein. You should always ensure feed is kept secure and you feed small concentrate meals. Monitor your horse closely. Laminitis results from the disruption (constant, intermittent or short-term) of blood flow to the sensitive and insensitive laminae. How to determine what makes a quality horse feed? Laminitis won’t occur for 12-18 hours after the grain has been eaten. A laminitis diagnosis can be a life-changing event for both a horse and an owner. Restricting forage intake by too much may increase the risk of colic, gastric ulcers and oral stereotypies. Simply watching what you feed isn’t enough on its own; you are likely to also have to make some lifestyle changes. Grass is a major source of calories and some horses can eat 5% of their body weight as grass, gaining 21kg in a week. Laminae are finely structured tissues which bind together the inner hoof wall and the pedal bone. I’ve seen horses open doors, open the lid to the feed bin and perform miracle acts to get at that sweet feed. Pryde's EasiFeed, 256 Quia Road, Gunnedah, NSW, 2380, Australia. By learning more about laminitis and its causes, signs and treatments, you may be able to minimize the risks of laminitis in your horse or control the long-term damage if it does occur. If the goal is to gain weight you should: Provide your horse with access to as much low sugar pasture or hay as it wants to eat. Pay particular attention to any regional fat deposits such as a cresty neck, fat pads behind the shoulder or fat-filled eye sockets as these could indicate an increased risk of EMS. If left untreated the pedal bone can become completely unsupported and can rotate within the hoof or sink through the sole. The good news is, feeding a laminitic horse doesn’t have to be difficult. If your horse is not losing weight, reduce the amount of low sugar forage being fed to 1.5% of the horse’s current bodyweight (7.5 kg/day for a 500 kg horse). The basis of feeding horses with laminitis involves formulating a balance diet. Note hay will usually contain 10-12% moisture (or more), so 7.5 kg on a dry matter basis = 8.5 kg as fed weight for a hay … In older times, wise horsemen stood horses with laminitis in cold streams or the chilly ocean. There have been many studies on laminitis and it is clear that there is not one single cause. To maintain your horses weight you should: Allow the horse access to up to 2.5% of its bodyweight of low sugar forage (12.5 kg for a 500 kg horse) per day. Water: Often overlooked as a nutrient, water is one of the best allies in the defense of laminitis in your horse. If additional weight gain is needed add some oil to the diet. In the majority of horses with IR induced laminitis, it is important to remove the cereal grain bi-products such as bran, pollard, or rice bran or feeds based on millrun, such as equestrian or pony pellets, from the ration, as these feeds contain starch and soluble sugars. Safe Pastures for Horses with Laminitis By Dr John Kohnke BVSc RDA The most commonly asked questions by owners of horses and ponies with a history of laminitis and founder are: Which type of pasture is safe to graze and at what times is it safe to turn my horse out to graze? Preparing a Horse for Show or Sale - Getting the Shine, Condition, Topline and Muscling, Thoroughbred Yearling Prep: Have You Got The Look, Key points for Thoroughbred Weanling Sales Preparation, Feeding Broodmares: Getting nutrition right without spending more than you need, On the road again... feeding when on the move. A diet high in fibre and fats but low in sugars is best for horses with laminitis. To gently encourage your horse to lose weight you should: Feed up to 2% of your horses body weight (10 kg/day for a 500 kg horse) per day as low quality, low sugar forage, including mature or stemmy tropical grass hays and/or weather damaged lucerne hay. To prevent boredom in these horses, make their forage hard to eat so it is more time consuming for them. To control the amount of grass your horse eats consider strip grazing, using a grazing muzzle, increasing the number of horses in the field or even cutting the grass every week. One way you can do this is by placing their hay in 2 or 3 hay nets, which makes the hay hard to pull out. Managing horse nutrition through changing seasons, Electrolyte replacement for your horse - how to use it, How to replenish your horses muscle glycogen, How to feed your horse for muscle building. If the horse is able to exercise, a gentle exercise routine each day will also help them to lose weight and reduce their risk of further bouts of laminitis. For horses that need a higher level of hoof-related nutrients, Kentucky Equine Research offers Bio-Bloom PS (Bio-Bloom HF in Australia) to provide additional support for hoof quality and growth. Assess the body condition (fatness) of your horse and have a clear goal in mind as to whether you want the horse to gain, hold or lose weight. As well as being low in sugar, the diet also needs to provide good quality protein to allow damaged hoof tissue to repair, as well as meet a horse’s requirements for vitamins and minerals. Set recipe vs least cost - how safe if your horse feed? Complete feeds will provide your horse with the calories, protein, vitamins and minerals it needs. Alfalfa is nutritionally dense. Supplements: Horses with laminitis may benefit from supplemental magnesium and chromium, both of which assist in sensitivity to insulin. If your horse needs to lose weight you must do it carefully, as forcing the laminitic horse into rapid weight loss can also stop them from healing their damaged hoof tissue and may cause other problems like hyperlipaemia. Getting the right feed for a laminitic is important for any owner of a horse or pony with laminitis. What hays are safe for my horse with laminitis when confined to a stable or yard? Make sure it’s impossible. Laminitis is most commonly linked with poor nutrition, we explain how dietary management is key to reducing the risk of a horse or pony getting laminitis. And some people think it’s a cheap filler that does nothing for a horse except help with satiety. We recommend fat scoring your horse and weighing them, using our scientifically validated weigh-tape, every fortnight. Donald Walsh, DVM, … Feed hays that are typically low in sugars. Never feed grain or grain-based products to an overweight horse, horses with Equine Cushing’s disease or Insulin Resistance or horses which have suffered previous bouts of laminitis. There are so many conflicting “do’s and don’ts” out there that it can give you a major headache just thinking about it! Steam extruded feeds are low in sugar and starch which is beneficial for all laminitics. Quite the opposite. The laminitic horse’s diet needs to be low in sugar (we could get all very technical here and call sugars non-structural carbohydrates, water soluble carbohydrates, starches, ether soluble carbohydrates or non-fibre carbohydrates, but let’s just keep it simple and say ‘sugar’). Laminitis is an extremely painful condition effecting the laminae in the hoof. Once your horse and pony have had laminitis they will be more vulnerable to repeat episodes in the future. Wheaten chaff, with minimal grain … Learn what to feed your horse and how to prevent it. The risk is higher in the spring and autumn when grass growth is most rapid, and grass is higher in non-structural carbohydrates such as sugars, starch and fructans. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Feed more hay to laminitic horse, equine nutritionist says. If your horse has gained weight then winter can be a great time to kick start weight loss. Call both your veterinarian and your farrier. Laminitis is serious and can cause permanent damage so you should always seek veterinary advice. Lucerne haylage or silage that has been produced specifically for horses is also a low sugar forage option. Does The Horse Feed Contain What The Horse Needs? We recommend you make all changes to the diet gradually; this includes the introduction of forage or pasture. Horses should get a minimum of half an hour active walking per day. This is grossly misleading and these feeds present as much danger to your laminitic horse as a feed that contains grain. Below is a guide to help … Laminitis due to starch-overload is very rare as most horses and ponies prone to laminitis are not fed large amounts of high starch concentrate feeds. After administration of excessive doses of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids (eg, prednisolone). So read all labels and lists of ingredients carefully before buying a feed and remember.It is buyer beware. You should NEVER feed a feed to a laminitic horse if it has any of the following ingredients: Millrun, millmix, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, Any form of steam flaked, micronized or extruded grain. Most Keyflow® feeds are low in sugar and starch so would be well suited to a horse at risk of laminitis. We find them much more focused when we put them onto Easisport. This is thought to affect blood flow to the laminae in the hooves, possible through Insulin Growth Factor Receptors. Laminitis can also be associated with sepsis or endotoxaemia and this includes grain-induced laminitis due to starch-overload and health problems such as retained placenta. 1.5-2% bodyweight hay (depending on whether weight loss is needed (1.5%) or not (2%), so 7.5-10 kg for a 500 kg horse, 3.75-5 kg for a 250 kg pony), soaked for at least 1 hour then drained to reduce sugars (or analysed to show combined sugar/starch no more than 10%). If you believe that your horse is suffering from laminitis, don’t panic. Contact us for advice on how to get the best from your horse. These include mature or stemmy tropical grass hays and mature or stemmy lucerne hay (including lucerne hay that has been weather damaged). During the first half of 2015, Kurt was given a flake of hay during the morning and evening and another overnight. If you are unable to control the hours of the day your horse is allowed to graze, use a grazing muzzle to reduce your horse’s intake of pasture. Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. Fructan levels in pasture grasses are known to vary by season, location, time of day, grazing pattern, plant species, and field topography. Trace-clipping or using a lighter rug will mean that your horse will burn off some of his excess weight keeping warm. If you will be feeding soaked hay with unknown mineral profiles, or that changes all the time, at least check with the state university of the area where the hay was grown to find out what mineral deficiencies and imbalances are common, and to get advice on supplementation. Broodmare Nutrition: A case of now or never! Feed a low sugar complete feed at the recommended rates for your horse’s bodyweight and current activity. However, recent research has … Tips for feeding a horse that won’t sweat, Equine Gastric Ulcers - Using Feeding Management to Reduce Their Incidence and Severity, The horse's digestive system - The Gastrointestinal Tract. If you do feed hay out of hay nets you may need to dampen it down slightly to reduce dust. Laminitis can affect any horse, pony, donkey or their hybrid at any time of the year and not just in spring – there is no ‘safe season’. This may increase the risk of laminitis for individuals that are insulin resistant. Is it safe to feed, is it beneficial, or is it harmful? If you can’t access these kinds of hays, soak the hay you do have available in warm water for 30 minutes, before tipping all of the water off, rinsing and feeding. And when it comes to dietary changes for laminitic horses, owners might not know where to start. It contains high levels of calcium, as well as magnesium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, lysine, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folic acid. Consider feeding either a low calorie, fibre-based feed that is balanced in vitamins and minerals or a low intake, low-calorie balancer. Research shows that laminitis is typically caused by more than one factor. These feeds … Beet pulp is also very safe to feed these horses. Studies show that these can benefit fibre digestion and affect systemic blood inflammatory cytokines. You should also feed their daily allocation of hay in 2 or 3 meals per day. Do you know what is missing from your pasture? Feed a Suitable Concentrate Feed: As most horses and ponies prone to laminitis tend to hold weight easily it is unlikely that they will need large concentrate meals, however, it is still very important that they get a balanced diet, providing all the essential vitamins and minerals for health and well-being. How does Pryde's EasiFeed stack up as a Horse Feed Company? Exercise will help to aid weight loss and can help protect against insulin resistance. Consider the use of probiotic and prebiotic supplements to help maintain the pH and microflora of the hindgut. It is very important to make sure the diet you are feeding your laminitic horse is balanced. Feeds rich in carbohydrate are quite energy dense that means a horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle. Overtrimming or galloping on uneven, hard ground — can increase inflammation in early... 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