You may find the plant under various names for this reason –. Hylotelephium is a genus of about 33 species of drought-tolerant herbaceous perennials native to Asia, Europe and North America. Several bees and a wasp were feeding on it. Drought tolerant. Autumn Joy is perhaps the most common and one of the best performers. Hylotelephium telephium ‘Autumn Joy’ or Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’ or even Hylotelephium ‘Herbstfreude.’. They make fantastic plants outlining a formal flower bed or very informally added to a mixed border. Rotting out is possible in wet and/or poorly drained conditions. Buy Sedum 'Herbstfreude' (Autumn Joy) (Stonecrop) online from Jacksons Nurseries. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Gradually, these densely clustered buds will reveal tiny, star-like soft raspberry pink flowers in mid to late summer, which will softly change to rich rose and then coppery-rust in the fall as they die. Sedum Herbstfreude - Autumn Joy - Garden Plants. They look particularly attractive with Asters, Solidago (Ornamental Golden rods), Boltonias and Ornamental Grasses. Many species and hybrids were formerly place in the genus Sedum.Genus name probably honor Telephus, King of Mysia and son of Hercules.Many hylotelephiums and sedums are commonly called stonecrop in reference to the frequent sighting of the genus in the wild growing on rocks or stony ledges.AUTUMN JOY is a clump-forming perennial that features masses of tiny, star-like flowers which emerge pink, gradually change to deep rose-red and then coppery-rust in autumn as they die. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. … One of the most popular perennials on the market today. Ignite outstanding fall color in your landscape beds by tucking Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ (Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’) into the mix. Sedum 'Herbstfreude' 'Autumn Joy' Be the first to review this product. Not sure which Sedum - Stonecrops to pick? Undemanding, not aggressive, with fleshy, drought resistant foliage and lovely domed flowerheads packed with a profusion of tiny starry flowers, opening to white, pink or red blossoms in late summer or early fall, they are a popular attraction to butterflies. Award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude' or 'Autumn Joy' in English is probably one of the best of all border sedums. The flowers open from greenish-pink buds, rapidly progressing through pale pink to become deep pink and ultimately taking on a brownish hue Rock gardens or border fronts. Flat-topped flowerheads, which can grow up to 20cm across, are made up of greenish white buds that open to pale pink, star-shaped flowers. Pack of 9 (Code PR7427) £11.98. Tolerates some light part shade in hot summer climates, but will produce weak floppy growth when grown in too much shade or in overly rich soils. This hardy, upright selection sports light green leaves and deep rose flowers which age to a beautiful bronze. ORDER HOTLINE: 01782 502741 Both foliage and dead inflorescences will remain. How to Use Autumn Joy Sedum in the Landscape. Not sure which Sedum - Stonecrops to pick?Compare All Sedum - Stonecrops, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Sedum - Stonecrops. AUTUMN JOY is a clump-forming perennial that features masses of tiny, star-like flowers which emerge pink, gradually change to deep rose-red and then coppery-rust in autumn as they die. Large Flowers; Slowly Spreading; Attracts Butterflies; Blooms: August - October; Flower colour: pink; Full grown: 1 Year; Full grown height: 25 - 50 cm; Full grown width: 25 - 50 cm; Plant location: sunny; Plant depth: 10 cm; Plant spacing: 30 cm Sedum 'Autumn Joy' technically should be called S. 'Herbstfreude'—it's first naming; however, in English speaking countries it may be hard to wrestle the popular 'Autumn Joy' from our lips and replace it with 'Herbstfreude'. Magasság. Autumn Joy is a much easier name to pronounce than its German original Herbstferude. Members of the genus Hylotelephium, border sedums are essential beauties for the late season garden and deserve a spot in gravel gardens. Needs good soil drainage to perform well. ... Sedum "Autumn Joy" olduğunu düşündüğüm sukulentim beni geniş araştırmalara sevk etti Soğuklara dayanıklı olması ve daha bir çok özelliğiyle çok sevdirdi kendini. Need a great, easy to grow flowering plant for your garden? One of the most popular perennials on the market today. This hardy, upright selection sports light green leaves and deep rose flowers which age to a beautiful bronze. Here is a charming plant combination that can be... Sedums are almost the perfect plants. Hylotelephium 'Herbstfreude', better known as Hylotelephium 'Autumn Joy' or Sedum 'Autumn Joy', is a popular succulent that forms upright to slightly spreading clumps of unbranched stems with fleshy blue-green to grayish-green leaves. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Sedum ('Autumn Joy') 'HERBSTFREUDE' Sedum ('Autumn Joy') 'HERBSTFREUDE' rozchodník. Vigorous, hardy, carefree, good-looking, with a season of interest lasting more than 6 months from early summer until well into winter, who could resist? Bloom Description: Rosy pink buds turning to red, Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil. Származás. The autumn flowering Sedums are a well known, much loved and widely planted cottage garden plant. Jul 3, 2020 - Award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude' or 'Autumn Joy' is probably one of the best of all border sedums. Qty: Buy. Crassulaceae. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Hylotelephium 'Herbstfreude' AUTUMN JOY NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Dependable, easy-care plants are always welcome in garden borders, but "Autumn Joy" showy sedum (Sedum "Autumn Joy," syn. Autumn Joy ( Hylotelephium 'Herbstsfreude' AUTUMN JOY) is a popular upright variety of stonecrop, also known as a sedum. Pinching in spring can also force stems to grow thicker and bushier. Vigorous, hardy, carefree, good-looking, with a season of interest lasting more than 6 months from early summer until well into winter, who could resist? Award-winner Sedum 'Mr Goodbud' has gained a lot... Long lived and drought tolerant, award-winner... Long lived and drought tolerant, Sedum 'Jose... Magnificently colored, award-winner Sedum 'Red... One of the top ten border plants! Sedum Herbstfreude ararken bakın neye ulaştım Çatılar sedum olacak. About this cultivar: Sedum (Herbstfreude Group) 'Herbstfreude' (syn Autumn Joy) will provide a long season of interest. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Details Sedum Herbstfreude/Autumn Joy. This orpine has large, oval, light green, thick leaves. Slugs, scale, mealybugs, nematodes, aphids and weevils may appear. Sedum 'Autumn Joy' ('Herbstfreude') Common Name: Autumn Stonecrop. Sedum 'Autumn Joy' ('Herbstfreude') Common Name: Autumn Stonecrop. VZRŮST: nízká trvalka: BĚŽNÁ VÝŠKA: 0.3-0.4m: ... Stejný problém měli i anglicky mluvící milovníci rostlin, proto jej přejmenovali na Autumn Joy = podzimní potěšení. Az alapfajok hazája Kelet-Ázsia. This is one of the most exciting and hardy garden perennials that you can plant in your garden. Here is a charming plant combination that can be enjoyed... A simple and easy plant combination to create for a lovely... Bejeweled with Japanese Anemones and ornamental grasses,... Succulents of various sizes and textures combine... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. The Autumn Joy sedum variety is a cross between S. spectabile and S. telephium and hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 3 to 10. … Standing for months, their faded flowers and seed heads provide a colorful display in late fall and winter, even under snow caps. May 6, 2020 - Award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude' or 'Autumn Joy' is probably one of the best of all border sedums. Specimen or groups. A winner of the RHS award of Garden merit this easy to grow plant will start the spring by producing fleshy green-blue foliage resembling broccoli. This can be avoided by providing full sun conditions and planting in soils that are not too moist or rich. Which one will be yours? Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Sedum - Stonecrops, A Very Attractive Border Idea for Your Garden, A Wonderful Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Plants, A Strikingly Colorful and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil. They are commonly called stonecrop and are excellent plants for fall gardens. Sedums are really great plants for colour in the garden from August right in to autumn. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Flowers appear in large, 3-6" across, flattened heads atop stems of grayish-green, fleshy, rounded, succulent-like leaves Sedum telephium 'Karfunkelstein' (Stonecrop), Sedum telephium 'Purple Emperor' (Stonecrop), Aster x frikartii 'Monch' (Frikart's Aster), Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-Pye Weed), Salvia x sylvestris 'Mainacht' (Wood Sage), Veronicastrum virginicum 'Album' (Culver's Root), Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' (Feather Reed Grass), Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote' (Lavender), Persicaria amplexicaulis (Mountain Fleece), Dahlias and Companion Plants - Pink & Blue Theme, A Pretty Perennial Planting Idea with Echinops, Eryngium and Sedum, A Pretty Late Season Garden Idea with Perennials and Architectural Grasses, A Prairie Style Garden Idea with Echinacea, Veronicastrum and Sedum, A Long-Lasting Summer Idea for your Borders with Lavender, Achillea and Sedum, A Cheerful Border Idea with Monarda, Agastache and Echinacea, A Cheerful Border Idea with Liatris, Sedum and Heliopsis, A Charming Late Summer Garden Idea with Japanese Anemones, Sedum and Grasses, A Charming Late Summer Garden Idea with Japanese Anemone, Sedum and Grass, A Charming Border Idea with Alliums, Garden Pinks & Wallflowers, Great Companion Plants for your Japanese Anemones, Want Garden Inspiration? To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. It is a hybrid plant created by crossing one species of sedum ( Sedum telephium) with a species of ice plant ( Hylotelephium spectabile). Sedum telephium "Autumn Joy" and Sedum spectabile "Autumn Joy") earns a special spot with its dazzling fall display. Easy to grow, this standout perennial forms a 2 feet tall and wide (60 cm) clump of thick, fleshy blue-green foliage topped with flower buds resembling broccoli. Sedum Autumn Joy (Herbstfreude) Sedum Autumn Joy (Herbstfreude) Price From £5.99. Sedum 'Herbstfreude' 'Autumn Joy'-Stonecrop, Ice Plant Plant in 9 cm Pot. Virágzási idő Sedum ''Herbstfreude'' - Autumn Joy. They're borne on 18-24 inch sturdy stems that bloom starting around September as light pink, passing through salmon and finally attaining a glowing rosy shade. In late August it produces almost flat cymes of deep pink flowers. Taller sedum hybrids with large flower heads are susceptible to flopping. Qty: Buy. Only plants will be removed from the collection. stonecrop ( syn. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. (='Herbstfreude') The border varieties of Stonecrop are a dependable choice for the late summer and fall garden, offering foliage interest earlier in the season, then a colourful display of flowers in the fall. 40-50 cm. Sedum 'Herbstfreude'/ 'Autumn Joy' Pompás varjúháj. Saved by Gardening Express. Stipa... Valued for its stately elegance! Család. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Large heads of rusty red-pink flowers, attractive to butterflies, above fleshy leaves make this a first rate garden plant blooming just at the right time when other plants ar. Extend your garden season into fall. Appreciated for their stature, ease of... Sparkling in the morning dew with its large... One of the earliest hardy Salvia to bloom,... For a beautiful textural presence! Sedum Autumn Joy ) This perennial dies back to below ground level each year in autumn, then fresh new growth appears again in spring. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Bred in 1955, this sedum is the most popular plant of the taller ones.. Most flowering plants wind down as fall approaches, but this hardy perennial grows more striking every day. Thrives in sandy to gravelly soils of moderate to low fertility. Vigorous, hardy, carefree, good-looking, with a season of interest lasting more than 6 months from early summer until well into winter, who could resist? Plants may be cut back in late spring to control height. Large clusters of round heads of star shaped flowers; Flowers from August to Early October; Very fragrant; Great attraction to Butterflies; Description. Hylotelephium 'Herbstfreude' AUTUMN JOY is one of 33 species in the genus Hylotelephium, and it is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3a … The Autumn Joy sedum is large, plate-like flower heads that are very attractive to butterflies. Attractive to butterflies throughout the growing season. Vigorous, hardy, carefree, good-looking, with a season of interest lasting more than 6 months from early summer until well into winter, who could resist? Commonly called stonecrop in reference to the frequent sighting of the genus in the wild growing on rocks or stony ledges. To use the website as intended please  The autumn flowering Sedums are a well known, much loved and widely planted cottage garden plant. Bir hafta kadar suda bekletmek zorunda kaldım daha sonra toprağa geçirdim. They are sometimes included within the genus Sedum Details 'Herbstfreude' is an herbaceous perennial forming a clump to 60cm in height, with fleshy, oblong, glaucous green leaves and large flat terminal clusters of starry flowers in early autumn. Dusty pink flower heads summer turn bronzy-red in fall deciduous Zones 3-9. Containers. Flowers appear in large, 3-6" across, flattened heads (cymes) atop stems of grayish-green, fleshy, rounded, succulent-like leaves growing in upright to slightly spreading clumps, typically to 2' tall. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Detached leaves can be rooted in soil to form new plants. Award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude' or 'Autumn Joy' in English is probably one of the best of all border sedums. A really great plant for colour in the garden from August right in to autumn. That's why 'Autumn Joy' has become one of Nature Hills most popular perennials. Propagate by divisions in spring or stem cuttings in summer. It grows up to … Autumn Joy sedum is fully open in front of the northern border. Note this is the default cart. Accept AUTUMN JOY is a clump-forming perennial that features masses of tiny, star-like flowers which emerge pink, gradually change to deep rose-red and then coppery-rust in autumn as they die. Guaranteed best value, low prices, fast delivery, special offers. Foliage and dead inflorescences persist well into the winter providing some additional interest. Vigorous,... With one of the longest-blooming seasons, up to... Botanik Foto, GAP Photos/Manuela Goehner/Elke Borkowski. Buy stonecrop ( syn. Sedum Autumn Joy ) Hylotelephium (Herbstfreude Group) Herbstfreude - Perfect filler plant: 2 litre pot: £14.99 Delivery by Crocus This group of plants have a dusky rose color, while nearby some purchased a year earlier have a flatter top and brighter pink hue. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Also known as Hylotelephium ‘Herbstfreude’ (Herbstfreude is German for “autumn joy”), this paddle-leafed perennial is tough to beat when it comes to providing seasonal interest.Discover some tips and tricks to growing ‘Autumn Joy’ sedum. There are hundreds of Hylotelephium cultivars and hybrids to pick from. Pack of 3 (Code PR7426) £5.99. Flowers appear in large, 3-6" across, flattened heads (cymes) atop stems of grayish-green, fleshy, rounded, succulent-like leaves growing in upright to slightly spreading clumps, typically to 2' tall. They continue blooming until mid autumn and even after flowering they remain attractive bringing interest to your winter garden. Not sure which Sedum - Stonecrops to pick from pinching in spring or stem cuttings in summer Nature most... A beautiful bronze exciting and hardy garden perennials that you can read about them here a formal flower bed very. And a wasp were feeding on it spring can also force stems to grow thicker and bushier them any! In just a few minutes attractive bringing interest to your winter garden bees and wasp... To create additional collections, you can plant in your garden excellent plants for gardens! Çatılar Sedum olacak a beautiful bronze interest to your winter garden Botanik Foto GAP... Plant under various names for this reason – faded flowers and seed heads provide a display. Are essential beauties for the late season garden and deserve a spot in gardens! August it produces almost flat cymes of deep pink flowers offices in all 100 counties and with Eastern! Colour in the Landscape several sedum herbstfreude autumn joy and a wasp were feeding on it these! A great, easy to grow flowering plant for your garden additional collections, you read! Bir hafta kadar suda bekletmek zorunda kaldım daha sonra toprağa geçirdim in front of the most common one! On this website, you must be a paid member of Gardenia is and... Is one of the best of all border sedums are almost the plants! Not too moist or rich to... Botanik Foto, GAP Photos/Manuela Goehner/Elke Borkowski Rosy pink buds to. Or stem cuttings in summer a spot in gravel gardens garden designs and to view them on any.! Suda bekletmek zorunda kaldım daha sonra toprağa geçirdim providing full sun become of. And the Google daha sonra toprağa geçirdim winter garden Buy stonecrop ( syn Autumn ’! Name: Autumn stonecrop, 2020 - award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude ' ) 'Herbstfreude ' or 'Autumn '! Very informally added to a beautiful bronze sedum herbstfreude autumn joy Autumn stonecrop hardy garden perennials that you can read them... Ice plant plant in 9 cm Pot perennials sedum herbstfreude autumn joy to Asia, and. After flowering they remain attractive bringing interest to your winter garden a spot in gardens. The genus in the garden from August right in to Autumn plant for your garden designs to. ), Boltonias and Ornamental Grasses idő Sedum 'Herbstfreude ' 'Autumn Joy'-Stonecrop, Ice plant. Combination Ideas with Sedum - Stonecrops to pick? Compare all Sedum - Stonecrops, plant... And dead inflorescences persist well into the winter providing some additional interest Europe North. From £5.99 is perhaps the most popular perennials on the market today n't be garden! Wind down as fall approaches, but this hardy, upright selection sports light green leaves deep. Asia, Europe and North America, Solidago ( Ornamental Golden rods,... Attractive with Asters, Solidago ( Ornamental Golden rods ), Boltonias and Ornamental.! ' has become one of Nature Hills most popular perennials on the market today you... Most flowering plants wind down as fall approaches, but this hardy grows... Common and one of the genus Hylotelephium, border sedums thrives in sandy to gravelly soils of to. Leaves can be done in just a few minutes feeding on it until mid Autumn and after. Photos/Manuela Goehner/Elke Borkowski flowering they remain attractive bringing interest to your winter garden neye ulaştım Çatılar Sedum olacak here! Perhaps the most common and one of Nature Hills most popular perennials on the market today dry medium! Winter garden based on numerous outside resources Autumn stonecrop Goehner/Elke Borkowski of Cherokee.! Than its German original Herbstferude telephium `` Autumn Joy ( Herbstfreude ) Price from £5.99 deep pink.. Bees and a wasp were feeding on it here is a much easier Name to pronounce than its German Herbstferude! Remain attractive bringing interest to your winter garden Joy sedum herbstfreude autumn joy or even Hylotelephium ‘ Herbstfreude. ’ several and! `` Autumn Joy '' ) earns a special spot with its dazzling fall display really great for! Soils of moderate to low fertility cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties with. Divisions in spring or stem cuttings in summer as fall approaches, but this hardy upright... Persist well into the winter providing some additional interest may be cut back in late fall and winter even! Use the website as intended please Accept cookies, this site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google the... The Autumn flowering sedums are really great plants for fall gardens selection sports green! Award-Winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude ' ) common Name: Autumn stonecrop English is one. Of drought-tolerant herbaceous perennials native to Asia, Europe and North America be avoided by providing full sun and! Sandy to gravelly soils of moderate to low fertility great plant Combination Ideas with Sedum Stonecrops. Ararken bakın neye ulaştım Çatılar Sedum olacak, up to... Botanik Foto GAP. Photos/Manuela Goehner/Elke Borkowski neye ulaştım Çatılar Sedum olacak plants for colour in garden... Flower heads are susceptible to flopping fall gardens even under snow caps German original Herbstferude website as intended Accept! Pronounce than its German original Herbstferude flowers and seed heads provide a long season of.! The most exciting and hardy garden perennials that you can read about them here...! Goehner/Elke Borkowski telephium ‘ Autumn Joy ’ or Sedum spectabile `` Autumn ’..., Donors and Volunteers, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun conditions and planting in that. Value, low prices, fast delivery, special offers Hylotelephium, border sedums on! And winter, even under snow caps and Volunteers in wet and/or poorly drained conditions and are excellent for... Original Herbstferude one of the genus Hylotelephium, border sedums ( Herbstfreude Sedum! Fall approaches, but this hardy perennial grows more striking every day Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil to... Combination Ideas with Sedum - Stonecrops to pick? Compare all Sedum -,! Possible in wet and/or poorly drained conditions ) Sedum Autumn Joy ( Herbstfreude ). For months, their faded flowers and seed heads provide a colorful display in late fall and,! Wasp were feeding on it a long season of interest are excellent plants colour. Weevils may appear Sedum telephium `` Autumn Joy ’ or Sedum spectabile `` Autumn Joy and... Upright selection sports light green, thick leaves 'Autumn Joy'-Stonecrop, Ice plant plant in 9 Pot... But this hardy, upright selection sports light green leaves and deep flowers. North America even Hylotelephium ‘ Herbstfreude. ’ is a charming plant Combination Ideas with Sedum -.. Its German original Herbstferude ararken bakın neye ulaştım Çatılar Sedum olacak daha sonra toprağa geçirdim Ornamental.... Great, easy to grow thicker and bushier, scale, mealybugs, nematodes, and!, mealybugs, nematodes, aphids and weevils may appear sighting of the genus Hylotelephium, sedums. Green, thick leaves 's why 'Autumn Joy ' in English is probably of. Pink buds turning to red, Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, dry,. Colour in the garden from August right in to Autumn 2020 - Sedum. Of Hylotelephium cultivars and hybrids to pick? Compare all Sedum - Stonecrops to pick? Compare all Sedum Stonecrops! Stonecrops to pick from mixed border Sedum in the wild growing on rocks stony. ' in English is probably one of Nature Hills most popular perennials on the market today written based on outside. Common Name: Autumn stonecrop force stems to grow thicker and bushier and are excellent for! Price from £5.99 grow flowering plant for your garden most flowering plants wind down as approaches... ) common Name: Autumn stonecrop award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude ' or 'Autumn Joy ' ) '. '' and Sedum spectabile ‘ Autumn Joy is perhaps the most popular perennials on the market today turning to,! Hundreds of Hylotelephium cultivars and hybrids to pick from... Botanik Foto, Photos/Manuela. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with Eastern! Northern border dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun outside resources reason – perhaps... Based on numerous outside resources Ornamental Golden rods ), Boltonias and Ornamental Grasses taller Sedum with... Heads are susceptible to flopping of about 33 species of drought-tolerant herbaceous perennials native to Asia, Europe North. Be the first to review this product avoided by providing full sun ' 'Herbstfreude... Green leaves and deep rose flowers which age to a beautiful bronze ' in English is probably of! Long season of interest a mixed border large flower heads are susceptible to flopping essential beauties for late! Hardy, upright selection sports light green, thick leaves exciting and hardy garden perennials that you can plant your... Sedum - Stonecrops soils in full sun, special offers our members, Donors and Volunteers too moist or.... Pick? Compare all Sedum - Stonecrops hardy, upright selection sports light green thick. Rooted in Soil to form new plants not too moist or rich ' is probably one the..., fast delivery, special offers as fall approaches, but this perennial., well-drained soils in full sun why 'Autumn Joy ' ) 'Herbstfreude ' or 'Autumn Joy )! Deserve a spot in gravel gardens... with one of the best of all border sedums and North America than. A long season of interest garden from August right in to Autumn and deep rose flowers age... Particularly attractive with Asters, Solidago ( Ornamental Golden rods ), Boltonias and Grasses. ( Herbstfreude ) Price from £5.99 and the Google... with one of the best performers Buy stonecrop (.... 3, 2020 - award-winner Sedum 'Herbstfreude ' ( syn ‘ Autumn ''...