American literature has its clichés—J.D. Although realism was most influential in set design and staging—audiences loved the special effects offered up by the popular melodramas—and in the growth of local color plays, it also showed up in the more subdued, less romantic tone that reflected the effects of the Civil War and continued social turmoil on the American psyche. From The American Historical Review, 30, No. [43] Among his other important novels are Libra (1988), Mao II (1991) and Falling Man (2007). Spell. Other political writers of the period included Edwin Markham and William Vaughn Moody. [60][61] Puerto Rico has also produced important playwrights such as René Marqués (The Oxcart), Luis Rafael Sánchez (The Passion of Antigone Perez), and José Rivera (Marisol). Richard Wright was catapulted to fame by the publication in subsequent years of his now widely studied short story, "The Man Who Was Almost a Man" (1939), and his controversial second novel, Native Son (1940), and his legacy was cemented by the 1945 publication of Black Boy, a work in which Wright drew on his childhood and mostly autodidactic education in the segregated South, fictionalizing and exaggerating some elements as he saw fit. [20][21][22] Robert Montgomery Bird wrote Calavar in 1834 and Nick of the Woods in 1837. Created / Published Boston, New York [etc.] LilyKarakas. [47][48][49], Other notable writers at the turn of the century include Michael Chabon, whose Pulitzer Prize-winning The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay (2000) tells the story of two friends, Joe Kavalier and Sam Clay, as they rise through the ranks of the comics industry in its heyday; Denis Johnson, whose 2007 novel Tree of Smoke about falsified intelligence during Vietnam both won the National Book Award and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and was called by critic Michiko Kakutani "one of the classic works of literature produced by [the Vietnam War]";[50] and Louise Erdrich, whose 2008 novel The Plague of Doves, a distinctly Faulknerian, polyphonic examination of the tribal experience set against the backdrop of murder in the fictional town of Pluto, North Dakota, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and her 2012 novel The Round House, which builds on the same themes, was awarded the 2012 National Book Award.[51]. In Moby-Dick (1851), an adventurous whaling voyage becomes the vehicle for examining such themes as obsession, the nature of evil, and human struggle against the elements. Perhaps the most ambitious and challenging post-war American novelist was William Gaddis, whose uncompromising, satiric, and large novels, such as The Recognitions (1955) and J R (1975) are presented largely in terms of unattributed dialog that requires almost unexampled reader participation. Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales about Natty Bumppo (which includes The Last of the Mohicans, 1826) were popular both in the new country and abroad. Writer and critic John Neal in the early-mid nineteenth century helped advance America's progress toward a unique literature and culture, by criticizing predecessors like Washington Irving for imitating their British counterparts and influencing others like Edgar Allan Poe. Race was a common issue as well, as seen in the work of Pauline Hopkins, who published five influential works from 1900 to 1903. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962. The enormous scientific, economic, social, and philosophical, changes of the 18th century, called the Enlightenment, impacted the authority of clergyman and scripture, making way for democratic principles. Thesis on American Literature. Gravity. [5] Spanish and French had two of the strongest colonial literary traditions in the areas that now comprise the United States, and discussions of early American literature commonly include texts by Samuel de Champlain alongside English language texts by Thomas Harriot and John Smith. The key texts we will read by these authors exhibit an extraordinary range of styles, subject matters, and literary movements. Although the American theatrical tradition can be traced back to the arrival of Lewis Hallam's troupe in the mid-18th century and was very active in the 19th century, as seen by the popularity of minstrel shows and of adaptations of Uncle Tom's Cabin, American drama attained international status only in the 1920s and 1930s, with the works of Eugene O'Neill, who won four Pulitzer Prizes and the Nobel Prize. [35] He also wrote about the war in the U.S.A. trilogy which extended into the Depression. The Catholic O’Connor explained the South’s surfeit of grotesques by saying that only in the South could people still recognize one, and Wise Blood’s absurdity disguises a transdenominational grace. 19 Aug 2010 [Daniel J Tan]_prizes/literature/laureates/1993/presentation-speech.html], harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMadsen2000 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, United States Declaration of Independence, A History of New York, by Diedrich Knickerbocker, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Our Nig: Sketches from the Life of a Free Black, The Life and Adventures of Joaquín Murieta, The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, American Literature (academic discipline), List of 20th-century American writers by birth year, List of writers from peoples indigenous to the Americas, Mexican literature#Pre-Columbian literature, Native American cultures in the United States, Black lesbian literature in the United States, "After American Studies: Rethinking the Legacies of Transnational Exceptionalism". 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