[9] [3], Four main classes existed: the nobility and gentry at the top of the ladder, trailed by the middle class (often these two are combined to cover the "upper class" in general), and then the "upper" working class, swiftly followed by the poorest of the poor, the "lower" working class (again, these latter two are often combined to form the "lower class" as a whole). - They had very low wages, but it was better than working under 'a master' By Nhy Cao, Madeline Dal Corobbo & Josephine Ugwu Living Conditions The working class didn't have very good living conditions at all. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. [2], While 'upper' working class women rented shops, the 'lower' hawked on the streets and beaches. [4] [4] Recreational Activities The people of the working class were usually busy but when they did have time their recreational activities would have included: - bowling - fruit and vegetable shows - flower shows - meeting of trades and friendly societies - drinking in public houses - trading items for income at a pawn shops - and occasionally, attended the theatre but having bought cheap seats. [24] [4] [4], The regular Victorian Era boy in the middle class would not have a great education unless he went to a public school. [19] During the Victorian era, for the most part, women never traveled alone. These radical middle class ideals eventually spread to the not-quite-so-poor as well. In the Victorian era, this work was mainly performed by teenage girls who worked in terrible conditions, often for between 12 and 16 hours a day with few breaks. [7] [15] Here we will explore lives in the women in the time between 1837-1901, known as the Victorian Era. Most women found work in textile or clothing factories under harsh conditions, while others found trades in such things as metals, pottery or laundry. A surprising aspect of society in the late 1800's is that the wealthy upper class had their own curiosities about how the poor lower class lived. Most women want to dress upper class, but the lower classes often have more fun and an easier time creating a costume. Privacy Policy  | An unmarried woman of this class often spent a lot of time with other unmarried women of their same social class. [26] [14] [19] Their individual days varied according to their role in society, such as upper, middle, and lower class. Matchsticks are made by cutting wood into thin sticks and then dipping the ends into white phosphorus—a highly toxic chemical. [4] The lower class could have worn vests, small coats, or a dark hat. The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie - the middle working class. These books detailed prostitutes’ ages, physical descriptions, personality type, and their cost, usually £2–£3 or £5 for a virgin. 2. [4], The wealthy Victorian Children and their families lived a much more elegant and privileged life than the poor families lived. ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). [4] The Catholic population in England was increasing at the time, and these immigrants were predominantly lower class. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. [26] With too few jobs to accompany the rush of factory hands, working conditions plummeted. This was called the Victorian Era because Queen Victoria was in control. Although all of these middle class women had cleaning servants for their homes, they would lecture the lower class women on how to keep their houses clean. [2] [20] [5] 33 The Poor had no chance at getting themselves out of the hole that they were in since no one would offer them a job, but the Working Class wasn't much better, The only perks that they got were work, food, and everyday shelter. Different Levels of Society Upper Class Upper Middle Class Middle Working Class Working 3. a s s Cl ighH 4. [13], They built their own social groups, and they participated in much as the same sports as the upper class such as cricket, lawn tennis, and croquet (Johnson). The Victorian Era was full of change in England, and with that change brought the rise of different social classes. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. [4] The Victorian era was during the period of the rule of Queen Victoria. There were some changes in social class system during this era as compared to the traditional social class system of England. [8], The Industrial Revolution brought a lot of changes to the lower class family working structure during Victorian England. Middle class women can almost be considered guides to the lower class women. A girl in the lower class, from ages 12 to 18, was paid 20 pounds; a girl in the middle class, of the same ages, was paid 100 pounds; and a girl of the upper class, 12 years old, was paid 400 pounds per job. [15] The Industrial Revolution took the lower class before and left them without jobs, which put them in an even worse part of poverty and an even lower class that sometimes people called the "under" class and these people would be called paupers ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). [3] [4], When thinking of Victorian England, most people picture corseted women and Gothic architecture; however, the real defining characteristic of the era was found in the extreme religious leanings of the people, which resulted in sexual repression and a profound distancing between the wealthy and the working classes. [14] Their food was tasteless and consisted of anything that they could afford, their clothes were vastly different from the luxurious outfits of the upper class women - consisting of rag and cheap cloth, and their homes would be cold, dank and dark. [19] The unskilled workers were placed way below the skilled workers in the social scale and were vulnerable to exploitation ("Victorian Era Social Classes"). This can be seen in the 18th and 19th century in the story of crime in Britain. Many of the upper class men and women alike would disguise themselves in lower class clothing and head to the slums for a night or two to indulge in the guilty pleasures that could be found in the streets and boarding houses of the slums. In the Victorian era women were to get married to a man of the same or a better social status, be good wives, and be a mother to her husband's children. Farming was still very much a part of life in Victorian Britain. - Proper weekday education was unavailable to them as it was so expensive. [4] [4] [4] Factories opened up creating new jobs for the Lower Class and provided supplies for many. The lowest among the social hierarchy were the working class. [2], There was the rich lady, who led the nostalgically stylized view of Victorian life - all bustles, petticoats and jewels, and conversely there was the somewhat less rosy existence of the poor woman; a life of chimney sweeping, workhouses, and prostitution. [4] - They couldn't marry anyone outside of their own class - They worked in factories for long hours with little or no break. Some of the workers during Victorian England, that would be equal in skill to another person in their class, would both be doing the same job, but one might prosper, while the other might not do well at all. Prostitution in Victorian Britain was a prevalent and often well earning business, with streets and streets dedicated to its work. [19] The single breasted jacket curved back from just above the waist and displayed the lower part of a waistcoat at the front. The Industrial Revolution was beneficial to the middle class, but created a lot of problems for the lower class. The Victorian period was very prosperous for the middle class. [7] [4], There were four main classes that the women were divided into they were: gentry, middle class, upper working class, and the lower working class. Women of every class came together to stand against the injustice and inequality of the voting system and to lobby for their right to vote. [4] [26] Related materials. The working class was divided into three layers, the lowest being 'working men' or labourers, then the ‘intelligent artisan’, and above him the ‘educated working man’. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. People in the Lower Class worked long hard hours and got paid very little. [4] Terms & Conditions  | [26] [2] [4] The poor Victorian Children lived in much smaller accommodations than the rich children did. Museums in London like V&A museum, Tate modern have several artifacts that show the art and fashion in Victorian England. [4] Such was the dietary divide between the rich and poor in the Victorian era. Photograph showing a man dressed in work clothes. In her latest article, Georgie Broad reflects on the life of women in Victorian Britain. [4] [19] [7] [7] [14] [4] [27] [4], The lack of education that the children received resulted in that the fate of their lives was decided before they even became an adult ("Victorian Era Social Class"). All of these examples prove that a person's social class highly affected the life that person lived during Victorian England. [26] The Victorian Houses that are so popular today with all their splendor and decorative trimmings only tell a small part of how Victorian children lived. [9] How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? The Lower Middle Class in Britain ed. Boys of a good family without money went into middle class professional jobs. Now we view tails as formal attire but during the late Victorian era, morning coats were informal dress. [12] Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. [3] [22] By those ages, most working-class couples would have been in employment long enough to have built up some savings. [7] The Prostitutes - These women were at the bottom of the society and an enormous debate took place over them during the Victorian era. [3] A middle class family could anticipate spending over half their salary on food, while a considerable percentage of the population faced unemployment or a meager income, surviving on bread, drippings, tea, scraps, etc. [24] [4] [7] [10], The middle class population was the people who did the "clean" work and were paid monthly or annually. The squalid and unsanitary conditions that were brought on by immense overcrowding made life very dismal for poor Victorian children and their families. During that time Britain consists of four classes: the. Dinner: For the upper class, dinner was considered the most colossal meal of the day. [15] Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. [9] Steam-powered cotton factories enabled Victorian Britain to produce more than half the world's supply of cotton. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. [4] A Public Drinking House Marriage From this source we can understand that the working class knew they couldn't associate with the upper classes so marriage was usually confined to their own class. The lower middle class people made about one hundred and fifty to three hundred pound annually. Men of wealthy Victorian society could look through sporting guides, which were very similar to shopping catalogues. The difference between upper class and lower class was vastly greater than it is today. Sports born in the Victorian Era Sports are a way of life for some individuals and without sports it would feel like a so called hole in their hearts. Of those marrying for the first time between 1850 and 1899, the average age was a little under 26 for men and a little over 24 for women. The lower class included people who did physical labor and were either paid hourly or daily. With the Victorian Era, it was the rise of the social classes and highlighting their way of life, especially with the Middle Class. (More...) At the start of the Victorian era (1830s-1900), English society was highly stratified and hierarchical, and the population fell into three main classes. Many Victorian novelists highlight this mechanization of human beings, as it contributed to the identity crisis epidemic of the Victorian Era in which children were especially affected. During the Industrial Era society was highly stratified. by Geoffrey Crossick (Croom Helm, 1977) The Public Culture of the Victorian Middle Class. [2] [7] [26], While life in Victorian England changed dramatically during the industrial revolution, the biggest social change was felt in the cities. At A Glance: The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Other people were migrating to England and creating less job opportunities for all the people living in the lower class. [5] [19] [12] The lowest among the social hierarchy were the working class. [7] A modified class structure clearly remains in existence today. [13], There were three main classes in the Victorian Era: the Aristocrats, the Middle Class, and the Lower Class. The reform of the Victorian era, a time in England of refinement and high decorum surrounding the years of Queen Victoria’s reign, did not produce revolution but the opposite: stagnation. The opportunity to come out to the traditional social class system during this Era compared... Was unavailable to them as it was a very successful time in the middle class as. 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Common for women to pass away during childbearing of society had three classes divided into nobility class... Was below the lower class included seamstresses, washerwomen, farm, factory, and that!

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