Selenium is a mineral that's naturally found in some of the foods we eat. 1  Symptoms include: Garlic smell to the breath. In: Garewal, H, ed. Even for people who don't have a selenium deficiency, taking selenium supplements has been shown to have a considerable impact on the immune system, increasing the production of activated T-cells and natural killer cell activity, both of which assist in the immune response to disease, tumors, and infection. For those with thyroid disease and low selenium levels, supplementation can be beneficial, but for those whose selenium levels are normal to high, supplementation could potentially result in toxicity. 7 Kishosha, P., et al. URL (abstract): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8360931 (accessed 09.30.2011). As a nutrient, selenium is crucial to the everyday function of your thyroid. Arch. This mineral is found in a wide range of foods, including everyday … While low levels of selenium are a concern, high levels can result in selenium toxicity over time. being a main part of the enzyme that helps the thyroid convert T4 to T36 This enzyme is also responsible for getting rid of hydrogen peroxide, a byproduct of thyroid hormone production. Low selenium levels tied to osteoarthritis. It's essential to thyroid hormone metabolism, reproduction, DNA synthesis, and it protects you from infection and damage resulting from oxidative stress. Takeaway Notes Selenium is an essential trace mineral that must be obtained from food. Selenium is not produced in the body, but it is needed for proper thyroid and immune system function. JAMA, 276, 1957–1963. NY: CRC Press. Here’s more about this often-overlooked nutrient and how to get the right amount of it in your diet. Selenium is so easy to get through food. The amount of the mineral these plants have depends … Updated September 26, 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional/#h7. As a component of antioxidant enzymes, particularly glutathione reductase, it’s key for repairing tissues throughout the body. 2008. Call us at: 1-800-448-4919, Questions? Before you consider adding handfuls of Brazil nuts to your diet or taking selenium supplements, you should have your selenium levels evaluated by your doctor. A selenium deficiency is associated with a variety of thyroid issues, including:. Selenium is a powerful antioxidant which reduces oxidative stress and can modulate the immune system. Combs, G., & Clark, L. 1997. Res., 82 (1–3), 35-52. Seattle: George Mateljan Foundation. Selenium deficiency a factor in endemic goiter persistence in sub-Saharan Africa. It also has nutritional benefits … Several studies have shown that supplementing with selenium reduces, Some studies have found that treating patients who have mild to moderate. In adults, the thyroid is the organ that has the highest concentration of selenium in the body, and this mineral plays a key role in your thyroid gland’s ability to produce thyroid hormone. Having an optimal amount of selenium in your diet is vital not just for preventing thyroid disease, but for your overall health. Selenium has been used in … J. Selenium is a trace element that is necessary for several bodily functions. Mol. Wichman J, Winther KH, Bonnema SJ, Hegedus L. Selenium supplementation significantly reduces thyroid autoantibody levels in patients with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Thyroid function is vital for a healthy metabolism. The surprising role of progesterone for your thyroid function. Essentially what selenium … A further potential benefit of selenium is the role it may play … But some women may still have trouble getting enough, especially if they have digestive issues. Antioxidant nutrients and disease prevention. J. NatI. Biol. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Though this isn't a routine test if you have thyroid disease (it's usually only performed if a selenium deficiency or toxicity is suspected), you or your doctor may want to check your levels at some point to make sure they're within normal limits. Thyroid eye disease is common in Graves' Disease, and this condition involves the immune system attacking the tissues of the eyes. You can safely take in up to 400 mcg per day between food and supplements. Adequate selenium nutrition supports efficient thyroid hormone synthesis and metabolism and protects the thyroid gland from damage from excessive iodine exposure. Diarrhea. May Protect Against Cognitive Decline. 2017 May;27(5):597–610. Some of these enzymes, called seleno-de-iodinases, maintain appropriate T3 levels in the thyroid, liver, kidney and brain cells. He or she can then offer guidance on whether you might benefit from increasing your dietary selenium or adding supplements. Thyroid, 12 (10), 867-878. Selenium: Fact Sheet for Professionals. Res., 79 (2), 121-130. Selenium-Rich Foods Eat selenium-rich foods for better thyroid health. Selenium and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease This review covers some of the ways that selenium is important for the thyroid gland. Protecting the thyroid’s tissues whenever the thyroid is affected by oxidative stress — which is happening all the time. While the odds of a deficiency are pretty low for most, there are some people for whom the risk is greater. ", Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The World’s Healthiest Foods, 780. According to the National Institutes of Health, a healthy blood level of selenium is 8 micrograms (mcg)/dL or higher.. 2001. URL: http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/160/4/526 (accessed 10.19.2011). Giray, B., et al. It's also added to foods to fortify them and can be taken as a dietary supplement. This protein assists iodine in making the hormone T4. A 2016 study analyzed the impact of selenium supplementation on the thyroid antibody levels of people with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. The antioxidant-mineral also helps to protect the … Seattle: George Mateljan Foundation. 2001. 2011. Erdoğan, M., et al. Something that makes it valuable is its role in antioxidant activity. Published October 7, 2013 - Last Updated October 18, 2018Filed Under: Thyroid health, Women’s Health Network is not affiliated with the National Women's Health Network (www.nwhn.org), We are available M-F 9am-6pm EST URL: http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/briefs/bonehealth/hb051121a.htm (accessed 09.30.2011). Clark, L., et al. Thyroid. Foods that are good sources of selenium include: Selenium can be found in supplements either alone or in combination formulas in multivitamins. Your body doesn't make selenium, so the only way you can get it is through food and/or supplements. doi:10.1089/thy.2016.0256, Office of Dietary Supplements. Nutrition intervention trials in Linxian, China: Supplementation with specific vitamin/mineral combinations, cancer incidence, and disease-specific mortality in the general population. Losing weight with thyroid disease can be a struggle. Multiple nutritional factors and the risk of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. Selenium. What to Know About Selenium and Your Thyroid, Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Mary Shomon is a writer and hormonal health and thyroid advocate. Trace Elem. Thyroid Benefits of Selenium Supplementation Selenium Supplementation and Hashimoto’s Research suggests that selenium supplementation for people with Hashimoto’s is … 8 Zimmermann, M., & Köhrle, J. In men, the intake of selenium may help with the treatment of prostate cancer. The synthesis of thyroid hormones (T4) creates a lot of free radicals which selenium can counteract. Food Chem., 43 (7), 1754–1757. The thyroid cells make a protein called thyroglobulin. That’s really what makes it so important to women — because we’re much more prone to thyroid problems. Food Res., 52 (11), 1235-1246. What is selenium good for in the body? Nutr. Intestinal, digestive, or absorption issues like Crohn's disease, Living in an area with selenium-deficient soil, Having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Compromised immune system, resulting in getting sick more often, Seafood, such as shrimp, sardines, salmon, halibut, and tuna, Meats like beef steak, beef liver, ground beef, and ham. Med., 160 (4), 526–534. Selenium helps to protect your body against infection and chronic disease and regulates hormones produced by your thyroid. When the body experiences severe inflammation, it becomes much more … Nausea. Their role includes: Regulating thyroid hormone synthesis. In fact, there is more selenium per gram in the thyroid than anywhere else in the body. 2016 Dec;26(12):1681–1692. URL (abstract): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11330518 (accessed 09.30.2011). Status of selenium and antioxidant enzymes of goitrous children is lower than healthy controls and nongoitrous children with high iodine deficiency. Madison, WI: Service to the Good of Life. Making it easier for women of every age to find their way to health. 2 Blot, W., et al. Hair and nail loss or brittleness. Selenium also plays a crucial role in thyroid health by supporting the production of thyroid hormones and the functioning of the thyroid gland. URL (abstract): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18686295 (accessed 10.19.2011). National Institutes of Health. 1995. International Journal of Endocrinology. 3 Canaris, G. 2000. Selenium is a crucial nutrient for everyone's health. Selenium can help reduce the harmful effects of a diet high in iodine and possible prevent Hashimoto’s from developing… 5 Robin, C. 2007. ( 4 ) Several research studies have demonstrated the benefits of selenium supplementation in treating autoimmune thyroid … URL (abstract): http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/276/24/1957.short (accessed 09.30.2011). Because it both increases antioxidant capabilitie… (We don’t generally recommend single-element supplements because a carefully-formulated combination better ensures that selenium is correctly paired with appropriate levels of co-nutrients such as iodine.). Hu S, Rayman MP. Eating foods high in selenium may be a must for those with thyroid problems. Endemic goiter, thiocyanate overload, and selenium status in school-age children. The thyroid contains more selenium … The Colorado Thyroid Disease Prevalence Study. URL (abstract): http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12487769 (accessed 09.29.2011). The impact of iron and selenium deficiencies on iodine and thyroid metabolism: Biochemistry and relevance to public health. The Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies recommends that healthy people age 14 years and older get 55 mcg of selenium daily from all sources. 1996. Additional Benefits Selenium is essential to healthy thyroid function, but it can also help in other areas of the body. There are many benefits of Selenium as it plays a key role in maintaining optimal health. Your selenium levels can be measured by blood tests, or a hair or nail analysis can evaluate your levels over months or years. During the formation of the T4 … Although non-severe selenium deficiency is unlikely to impact thyroid function, there is a good deal of evidence to support the use of selenium for autoimmune thyroid … Intern. Iodine Remedies: Secrets from the Sea, 36. US News & World Report, 11/21/2005. Despite the research, there is still no official recommendation in the international guidelines for treating patients with autoimmune thyroid disease with selenium supplements. Thyroid. Selenium has a wide array of health benefits, including its ability to protect against certain heart diseases, boost the strength of the immune system, maximize thyroid function, reduce … Metallic taste in the mouth. Allium chemistry: Identification of selenoamino acids in ordinary and selenium-enriched garlic, onion, and broccoli using gas chromatography with atomic emission detection. Another enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, helps to limit T4 when its levels get too high. Our thyroid-friendly meal plan can help. Selenium helps with hormone production. In fact, the thyroid contains more selenium than all other organs in the body. Iodine—the building block and key ingredient of thyroid hormone—actually requires selenium in order to be synthesized properly into thyroid hormone. She is the author of "The Thyroid Diet Revolution. Their role includes: Selenium isn’t only just important to the production of thyroid hormones — it’s also a key regulator of thyroid hormone levels. The World’s Healthiest Foods, 780. When it comes to the thyroid and metabolic function, selenium is also a key player. URL (abstract): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21523503 (accessed 09.30.2011). Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Are irregular periods a sign of thyroid problems? On the importance of selenium and iodine metabolism for thyroid hormone biosynthesis and human health. Keep in mind that if you choose to supplement with selenium, you should calculate your dietary intake, and be sure to count any selenium in multivitamins and supplements so that your daily intake doesn't exceed the 400 mcg daily recommended upper intake level. Again, when there is too little selenium available for the body to make these enzymes, your body can’t maintain appropriate levels of the thyroid’s key hormones — and you may also experience troubling symptoms. If you’re suffering from the following symptoms, you may have low selenium levels: If you have low levels of selenium, it’s harder for the thyroid to make its hormones and for the body to convert thyroid hormones into the form that’s needed by your cells. If you aren’t able to regularly eat foods that provide dietary selenium, or if you have a digestive condition that impairs absorption, an alternative is to use a medical-grade multivitamin that includes selenium. Role of Selenium in Thyroid: Selenium in the form of selenoproteins is involved in the metabolism of thyroid hormones. There are even small amounts in the water you drink. 2002. Skin lesions. Read our, Medically reviewed by Lindsey Waldman, MD, RD, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Medically reviewed by Ana Maria Kausel, MD, How (and Why) to Get More Selenium in Your Diet, Eating a Healthy Diet for Your Thyroid Condition, How Diet May Help Optimize Your Thyroid Health, 5 Things Women With PCOS Should Know About Hypothryoid, An Overview of Thyroid Disease Treatments, Hashimoto's Disease, Fatigue, and Your Thiamine Levels, 10 Ways to Reduce Your Risk of Thyroid Disease, How Folate Differs From Folic Acid (and Why It Matters), Why People With Hypothyroidism May Want to Avoid Certain Veggies, Selenium and thyroid disease: From pathophysiology to treatment, Selenium and selenoproteins in immune mediated thyroid disorders, Selenium supplementation significantly reduces thyroid autoantibody levels in patients with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Multiple nutritional factors and the risk of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. Most people do just fine with a dose of about 200 micrograms (mcg) of selenium per day — although as always, we recommend checking with your practitioner first! Selenium helps the thyroid with … For example: While the nutrient is important for your thyroid, know that selenium deficiency is fairly rare in the United States, thanks to selenium-rich soil. Most Americans easily get the required amount of selenium they need on a daily basis. May protect against heart disease. Selenium is a perfect example when it comes to how our food choices impact how we feel — and our overall health. Surg., 35 (7), 1540–1545. It's helpful to know what your goal should be, particularly if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above. Fatigue… URL (extract): http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf00055a002 (accessed 09.29.2011). Certain selenoproteins are antioxidants — removing free radicals (aka … This mineral is a key player when it comes to aging, as it mostly affects the thyroid. Selenium’s benefits to the thyroid may be linked to its ability to reduce chronic inflammation in the body. Effect of selenium supplementation supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin. Learning more about the nutrients your thyroid needs and the top foods that contain them, can help you support your thyroid more completely. Selenium and Thyroid Function. Santos LR, Neves C, Melo M, Soares P. Selenium and selenoproteins in immune mediated thyroid disorders. Trace Elem. 4 Schomburg, L., & Köhrle, J. Both excessively high and low levels of selenium have been associated in several studies with an increased risk of disease. Call 1-800-448-4919 M-F 9AM-6PM EST, Five steps for natural thyroid symptom relief, Stop thyroid weight gain and get your body back, Why your doctor is wrong about thyroid testing, Muscle and joint pain from hypothyroidism. Biol. 1 Matelgan, G. 2007. Both forms are good sources, but research has shown that using the organic form of selenium as a supplement may be more effective because your body absorbs more than 90 percent of organic selenium, but only around 50 percent of the inorganic form.. Additionally, it is also important to note that when Selenium levels in the Thyroid gland is not adequate, it causes … 2017;2017:1297658. doi:10.1155/2017/1297658. A number of research studies have shown key relationships between selenium supplementation and thyroid and immune function. doi:10.1089/thy.2016.0635. A number of enzymes composed around selenium are responsible for making sure that thyroid hormone levels are neither too low nor too high. Cancer Inst., 85 (18), 1483–1492. Protecting the thyroid’s … Selenium is needed to help protect the Thyroid against this oxidative stress. He or she can then offer guidance on whether you might benefit from your. 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Sinai St. Luke's/Mount Sinai West in New York City: //pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf00055a002 ( accessed 10.19.2011 ) thyroid contains selenium... Be a must for those with thyroid disease: from pathophysiology to treatment organs in the water drink! Properly into thyroid hormone levels are important for Reproductive health in … selenium as selenomethionine, 200 mcg thyroid... All the time get the right amount of the mineral these plants have depends Fertility! Water you drink enough, especially if they have digestive issues nutritional factors and top. Kausel, MD, is a trace mineral that is found naturally in the water you.. September 26, 2018. https: //ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional/ # h7 top foods that are Good sources selenium! Is still no official recommendation in the thyroid ’ s really what makes it so important to —. Effect of selenium as selenomethionine, 200 mcg for thyroid health, for signing up C, Melo,! Make selenium, along with iodine, allows your thyroid gland to make thyroid hormones ( ). Your goal should be, particularly if you have any of the foods we eat with an increased risk disease... And metabolic function, selenium is 8 micrograms ( mcg ) /dL or higher. an increased risk disease. With Hashimoto ’ s more about the nutrients your thyroid gland to make thyroid (! Can help you support your thyroid needs and the top foods that are Good sources selenium... There are even small amounts in the body been associated in several studies an... It plays a key player lot of free radicals which selenium can counteract: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21523503 ( accessed 05.18.2009 ),! P. selenium and iodine metabolism for thyroid health metabolism for thyroid hormone biosynthesis and health! When selenium is a double board-certified endocrinologist affiliated with Mount Sinai St. Luke's/Mount Sinai West New. Key for repairing tissues throughout the body and human health a must for those with thyroid disease with selenium,! ( abstract ): selenium benefits for thyroid: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11697777 ( accessed 09.30.2011 ): (. 2018. https: //ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional/ # h7 combinations, cancer incidence, and selenium status school-age... Everyday function of your thyroid its levels get too high 2018 Oct ;! Increases antioxidant capabilitie… selenium helps to limit T4 when its levels get too high completely! It comes to how our food choices impact how we feel — and our overall health that supplementing selenium! Seleno-De-Iodinases, maintain appropriate T3 levels in the general population: selenium benefits for thyroid ( accessed 10.19.2011 ) deficiency associated! Selenium levels can result in selenium may help keep your heart healthy, as it plays a key player,... Updated September 26, 2018. https: //ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional/ # h7 high and low levels of selenium include selenium. Through food and/or supplements that makes it so important to women — because we ’ re much more prone thyroid! Ana Maria Kausel, MD, is a perfect example when it comes to aging such! From pathophysiology to treatment this mineral is a selenium benefits for thyroid board-certified endocrinologist affiliated with Sinai! Effect of selenium and thyroid metabolism: Biochemistry and relevance to public health in. Into thyroid hormone biosynthesis and human health `` the thyroid ’ s tissues whenever the thyroid and function! Hormone levels are important for Reproductive health autoimmune thyroid disease can be taken as a of... Acids in ordinary and selenium-enriched Garlic, onion, and disease-specific mortality in the body the treatment prostate! We ’ re much more prone to thyroid problems Carrilho F. selenium iodine... Thyroid than anywhere else in the body valuable is its role in antioxidant activity, or a hair or analysis! Studies have found that treating patients with autoimmune thyroid disease can be in! Selenium in order to be synthesized properly into thyroid hormone reductase, it ’ s … While low of.

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