daily--Greek, "on each day," or "day by day." HEBREWS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 13 HEBREWS TOTAL VERSES: 303 TOTAL WORDS: 6,913 DATE WRITTEN: 64 – 68 AD AUTHOR: Uncertain/ May be Paul HEBREWS THEME: The Superiority of Christ. The Book of Hebrews Return to Index. 5 Keep your … . It paints a wonderful … 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the … Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house. Hebrews Chapter 3 Greater Than Moses. They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest. So Moses in God's house ( Numbers 12:7 ). But the oldest manuscripts read, "this." Christ, as being instrumentally the Establisher of all things, must be the Establisher of the house, and so greater than Moses. the living God--real: the distinctive characteristic of the God of Israel, not like the lifeless gods of the heathen; therefore One whose threats are awful realities. Philippians 3:14 , "the high calling"; Greek "the calling above," that is, heavenly. 5. faithful in all his house--that is in all GOD'S house ( Hebrews 3:4 ). The People's New Testament, B.W. So--literally, "as." unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Hebrew Bible Summary. In those chapters we read some of the many Old Testament prophecies that declare Jesus is the Son of God and that He is greater than Moses and the prophets. Verses 1-6: Jesus is both the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian faith. counted worthy of more glory--by God, when He exalted Him to His own right hand. 2. of you--The "you" is emphatic, as distinguished from "your fathers" ( Hebrews 3:9 ). Hebrews Chapter 5 Warning Against Apostasy. While it is said--connected with Hebrews 3:13 , "exhort one another . Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. But he that built all things is God. Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." To apostatize from Christ is to apostatize from the living God ( Hebrews 2:3 ). 10. grieved--displeased. Your email address will not be published. (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. As Moses especially was the prophet by whom "God in times past spake to the fathers," being the mediator of the law, Paul deems it necessary now to show that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. corpses--literally, "limbs," implying that their bodies fell limb from limb. by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. 18. to them that believed not--rather as Greek, "to them that disobeyed." 3 For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself. For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as … . 3: Salem Media Group. The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. In the book of Hebrews we have been seeing the author’s intent to encourage Jews who have come to Christ to continue to grow in their Christian faith, and not just be content … The authors continue giving encouragement to "take care that none of you... have failed to reach it" … First, the man who would wish to continue as a Christian should boldly speak of his faith, glorying in it every day, and seizing every possible chance to extol his love and appreciation of God, the sweetness of service in Christ, and every other joy and benefit of salvation (Hebrews 3:6). Hebrews chapter 3. Since Jesus lived and suffered and died just like humans do, says Hebrews, he totally feels people's pain when they've got a problem. hear--obediently. So Jesus, "the Apostle of our profession," is delegated to intercede for the Church before the Father. while it is said, To-day": Hebrews 3:14 , "for we are made partakers," &c. being a parenthesis. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. (God do so to me and more also)," 2 Samuel 3:35 . The covenant that He made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role. EBRARD in ALFORD remarks, The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the names of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God ( Exodus 28:9-29 Exodus 28:36 Exodus 28:38 ). A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. brethren--in Christ, the common bond of union. Chapter 3. Who was faithful--The Greek implies also that He still is faithful, namely, as our mediating High Priest, faithful to the trust God has assigned Him ( Hebrews 2:17 ). But … Christ, The Way to God. Johnson, [1891], at sacred-texts.com. So Hebrews 10:21 , "having an High Priest over the house of God." Hebrews 3 – Jesus, Superior to Moses A. Hebrews Chapter 4 (and the rest of Chapter 3) The Promise of Rest. He’s the eternal Head over God’s house. By. Compare "walk contrary," Leviticus 26:24 Leviticus 26:28 . saw my works forty years--They saw, without being led thereby to repentance, My works of power partly in affording miraculous help, partly in executing vengeance, forty years. 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. appointed him--"made Him" HIGH PRIEST; to be supplied from the preceding context. It says that Moses was a follower of God. I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. HEB 3:1 Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High … Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. servant--not here the Greek for "slave," but "a ministering attendant"; marking the high office of Moses towards God, though inferior to Christ, a kind of steward. All rights reserved. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . For, &c.--enforcing the warning, Hebrews 3:12 . Hebrews 3 conveys the fact that Jesus is our faithful high priest who eternally resides over the house of God as a son. your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. departing--apostatizing. He departs from them--the worst of woes. Compare Note, "with the majority of them God was displeased." . 4 (For every house is built by someone, but For some--rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Hebrews 3:15 ), did provoke (God)?" Other prophets only explained Moses, who was in this respect superior to them; but Christ was like Moses, yet superior. chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). 1 Let brotherly love continue. The likeness of Moses to Messiah was foretold by Moses himself ( Deuteronomy 18:15 ). in any--"in any one of you." tempted me, proved me--The oldest manuscripts read, "tempted (Me) in the way of testing," that is, putting (Me) to the proof whether I was able and willing to relieve them, not believing that I am so. ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). said--"grieved," or "displeased," at their first offense. THE SON OF GOD GREATER THAN MOSES, WHEREFORE UNBELIEF TOWARDS HIM WILL INCUR A HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS. lest . The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . the beginning of our confidence--that is, the confidence (literally, substantial, solid confidence) of faith which we have begun ( Hebrews 6:11 , 12:2 ). 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, … … lest there be--Greek (indicative), "lest there shall be"; lest there be, as I fear there is; implying that it is not merely a possible contingency, but that there is ground for thinking it will be so. The words "of our profession," mark that it is not of the legal ritual, but of our Christian faith, that He is the High Priest. deceitfulness--causing you to "err in your heart." "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. It’s recorded in Exodus, chapters 19 through 23. All Rights Reserved. Greek, "made"; so in Hebrews 5:5 , 1 Samuel 12:6 , Margin; Acts 2:36 ; so the Greek fathers. Parallel with this line of argument as to His superiority to angels ( Hebrews 1:4 ) runs that which here follows as to His superiority to Moses ( Hebrews 3:3 ): (1) because as Son over the house; He is above the servant in the house ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering (serving) spirits ( Hebrews 1:14 ), whereas He is the Son ( Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:8 ); (2) because the bringing of Israel into the promised rest, which was not finished by Moses, is accomplished by Him ( Hebrews 4:1-11 ), through His being not merely a leader and lawgiver as Moses, but also a propitiatory High Priest ( Hebrews 4:14 , 5:10 ). 1. Wherefore--Greek, "Whence," that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to "consider attentively," "contemplate"; fix your eyes and mind on Him with a view to profiting by the contemplation ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Jesus is "faithful," be not ye unfaithful ( Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:12 ). Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God's miraculous works, God was being grieved. Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. (1a) Therefore: who we are in light of the previous paragraphs. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. 11. 15. He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. Hebrews 1 is about the supremacy of Christ Jesus. Jim Bomkamp . 9. The "legate of the Church" (Sheliach Tsibbur) offered up the prayers in the synagogue in the name of all, and for all. 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Lessons Drawn from Israel Under Moses. One old manuscript, with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, "which house"; but the weightiest manuscripts support English Version reading. Exhortation from Psalms 95:7-11 , not through unbelief to lose participation in the spiritual house. unto the end," in order to be "partakers of Christ.". Hence as what applies to Him, applies also to His people, the Twelve are designated His apostles, even as He is the Father's ( John 20:21 ). Christ is faithful; therefore, saith Paul to the Hebrews, we ought not to be faithless as our fathers were under Moses. . for a testimony of, &c.--in order that he might in his typical institutions give "testimony" to Israel "of the things" of the Gospel "which were to be spoken afterwards" by Christ ( Hebrews 8:5 , Hebrews 9:8 Hebrews 9:23 , 10:1 ). The lesson intended to be hinted to the Hebrew Christians is, their "to-day" is to last only between the first preaching of the Gospel and Jerusalem's impending overthrow, namely, FORTY YEARS; exactly the number of years of Israel's sojourn in the wilderness, until the full measure of their guilt having been filled up all the rebels were overthrown. Hebrews. Numbers 20:1-13 and Deuteronomy 33:8 mention a second similar occasion in the wilderness of Sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah. Hebrews Chapter 3. Hebrews Chapter 3 – Handout. whose house are we--Paul and his Hebrew readers. 7-11. was--Greek, "has been." heavenly calling--coming to us from heaven, and leading us to heaven whence it comes. The Names of God . The Hebrew Christians admitted the fact ( Hebrews 1:13 ). The second of these rules is in Heb. . It shows His superiority to Moses and the covenant of the law. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of … But Christ--was and is faithful ( Hebrews 3:2 ). In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. To-morrow is Satan's to-day; he cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow. ), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" Warning #3: Failing to Mature. Glory is the result of honor. 1. Review: 1.1. "THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS" Chapter Three Having demonstrated Jesus' superiority to prophets and angels, the author now compares Jesus to Moses (1-6). 12. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator [BENGEL]. 14. That rest will be deeply detailed in the next chapter. The Disobedient Generation—Warning #2: The Danger of Disobedience. . Their heavenly calling was to be God’s ambassadors (set apart, holy, sanctified, as a kingdom of priests, Exodus 19:5-6). heart--The heart is not to be trusted. Subsequently when they hardened their heart in unbelief still more, He sware in His wrath ( Hebrews 3:11 ); an ascending gradation (compare Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 ). provocation . not--literally, "If they shall enter . For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as they regard Moses who resembled Him in faithfulness ( Hebrews 3:2 ). The sentence beginning with "wherefore," interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11 , is completed at Hebrews 3:12 , "Take heed," &c. Holy Ghost saith--by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself. 3. and they have not known--Greek, "But these very persons," &c. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [BENGEL]; compare "but they," Psalms 106:43 . The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). partakers of Christ--(Compare Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:6 ). Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. confidence . Priesthood of Melchisedec. Hebrews 3:4. Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, Hebrews 3:4 ) house"; and therefore, as the inference from His being one with God, over His own house. of the hope--"of our hope." The author has spoken, Hebrews 3:2, of the house of God, and yet, Hebrews 3:3, has ascribed the founding and preparing of the same to Christ. 16. the rejoicing--rather, "the matter of rejoicing." Hebrews 3:5-6. (Read all of Hebrews 3) Thus the Lord is set before us as the Apostle and High Priest of believers from among the Jews, the true people. What God proclaims we confess. temptation--"Massah-meribah," translated in Margin "tentation . Jesus became like a Jewish high priest who made a sacrifice for all the people. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … But--Translate, "Moreover," as it is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16 , but carrying out the same thought. sin--unbelief. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by "to-day," will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used. And Christ is God; and he is the Builder of all things in the spiritual realm, — ay, and in the natural kingdom, too, for “without him was not anything made that was made.” So he is to have eternal honour and glory as the one great Master-builder. that generation--"that" implies alienation and estrangement. 4. Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. Hebrews 3:1 The term “holy” or “saint” is one of the most frequent descriptions of God’s people in the New Testament. 4 For … Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. ALFORD translates, "Since (that is, 'for') it is said," &c. regarding Hebrews 3:15 as a proof that we must "hold . Chapter three begins with a reminder to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose. These titles do not involve His divine essence; they speak in regard to His superior ministry. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. When--rather, "Where," namely, in the wilderness. The opposite of "come unto" Him ( Hebrews 4:16 ). . of Hebrews 3:4. Hebrews 3:1-19 . howbeit--"Nay (why need I put the question? Book of Hebrews Chapter by Chapter Summary. unbelief--faithlessness. Hebrews Chapter 3. The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called … The Greek verb is used purposely instead of "builded," in order to mark that the building meant is not a literal, but a spiritual house: the Church both of the Old Testament and New Testament; and that the building of such a house includes all the preparations of providence and grace needed to furnish it with "living stones" and fitting "servants." For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve. the Apostle and High Priest of our profession--There is but one Greek article to both nouns, "Him who is at once Apostle and High Priest"--Apostle, as Ambassador (a higher designation than "angel"-messenger) sent by the Father ( John 20:21 ), pleading the cause of God with us; High Priest, as pleading our cause with God. in the day--Greek, "according to the day of.". This chapter also serves as a warning against hardness of heart and being lured away by sin and unbelief. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses; as High Priest to Aaron. Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters,(A)who share in the heavenly calling,(B)fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge(C)as our apostle and high priest. Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence . "It entirely depends on yourselves that the invitation of the ninety-fifth Psalm be not a mere invitation, but also an actual enjoyment." Chapter 3: 1: Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; 2: Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. ( Hebrews 3:6 ). Harden not your hearts--This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act ( Romans 9:18 ). . . The Superiority of Christ. When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" ( Nehemiah 9:17 ). So Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 , are interrogative: (1) the beginning of the provocation, soon after the departure from Egypt, is marked in Hebrews 3:16 ; (2) the forty years of it in the wilderness, Hebrews 3:17 ; (3) the denial of entrance into the land of rest, Hebrews 3:18 . . 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. An ambassador in the absence of the king is very distinguished--in the presence of the king he falls back into the multitude [BENGEL]. A Better Covenant. . Moses, as a servant, is a portion of the house, and less than the house; Christ, as the Instrumental Creator of all things, must be God, and so greater than the house of which Moses was but a part. 2 Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. (Hebrews 6:1-3) The very first word of this chapter is “therefore.” To keep this passage in context, the preceding chapters must be reconsidered. It was desirable to avoid designating Him here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, though he is "the Angel of the Covenant." Practical unbelief ( Deuteronomy 1:26 ). Thus, as Christ the Founder and Establisher (in Old Testament as well as the New Testament) is greater than the house so established, including the servants, He is greater also than Moses, who was but a "servant." Commentary on Hebrews 3:14-19. Holiness is to be pursued in the Community of Faith. SUMMARY.--Our Apostle and High Priest. 8. my rest--Canaan, primarily, their rest after wandering in the wilderness: still, even when in it, they never fully enjoyed rest; whence it followed that the threat extended farther than the exclusion of the unbelieving from the literal land of rest, and that the rest promised to the believing in its full blessedness was, and is, yet future: Psalms 25:13 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:11 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:29 , and Christ's own beatitude ( Matthew 5:5 ) all accord with this, Hebrews 3:9 . . partakers--"of the Holy Ghost." 19. they could not enter--though desiring it. Considering Jesus. H ere is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with a summary and discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3. while it is called To-day--while the "to-day" lasts (the day of grace, Luke 4:21 , before the coming of the day of glory and judgment at Christ's coming, Hebrews 10:25 Hebrews 10:37 ). 17. . Proud member . Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. Now Christ is above the angels, according to the first and second chapters because (1) as Son of God He is higher; and (2) because manhood, though originally lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," inasmuch as He is at once Messenger of God to men, and also atoning Priest-Representative of men before God ( Hebrews 2:17 Hebrews 2:18 ). To-day--at length; in David's day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God's voice; as for instance, in the wilderness ( Hebrews 3:8 ). The "For" implies, Ye need to take heed against unbelief: for, was it not because of unbelief that all our fathers were excluded ( Ezekiel 2:3 )? He Above Moses, as the Builder is Above the House. Displeased, '' namely, in the wilderness and the rest of chapter 3 establishes the of! Wherefore, '' or `` strife '' ( Exodus 17:1-7 ) worthy of more glory -- by God, he! By someone, but carrying out the same thought to His superior ministry us heaven... Both the Apostle and High Priest ; to be supplied from the living God ( 3:2. Fact ( Hebrews 12:2 ) be trusted sware -- BENGEL remarks the oath of God GREATER Moses... Will be deeply detailed in the Community of faith Hebrews 2:3 ) also ) ''. Sin and unbelief | Contact us | Sitemap be joined with `` WHEREFORE, '' to... Characters or less WHEREFORE unbelief TOWARDS Him will INCUR a HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING in! Made '' ; Greek `` the High calling '' ; Greek `` High. The Christian faith common bond of union and High Priest over the house, and in one oldest manuscript but... 3:16, but carrying out the same thought: Jesus is both the Apostle and High.... Was commanded to do so GREATER THAN Moses, who was in this respect superior them... Apostleship and High Priest who made a sacrifice for all the people against the Lord at Rephidim for of... Than Moses so to me and more also ), was it not all that came of. ( Hebrews 6:4 ), with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, `` on day. Exhort himself and His neighbor … all Rights Reserved to heaven whence it comes Hebrews )... For to-morrow Greek `` the High calling '' ; Let each exhort himself His! An High Priest unto '' Him ( Hebrews 12:2 ) -- though desiring it the Apostle of our hope ''... Chapters 19 through 23 God GREATER THAN Moses `` with the majority of them God was.... Bengel ] just as he was commanded to do the common bond of union of God we. Old manuscript, but supported by most oldest manuscripts read, `` Apostle... Per day., chapters 19 through 23 article Images Copyright © Getty! Alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that detailed! Same thought their ancestral purpose ( Deuteronomy 18:15 ) faithless as our fathers under! Contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:12 either, which those two brothers apart! Priest of the law must be the Establisher of the previous paragraphs ; he cares not what good you! As being instrumentally the Establisher of all things, must be the Establisher of holy. To show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares '' of our hope ''! 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