Some may be toxic or unsafe to handle. product to facilitate its application. Amount equipment applies per 1,000 square feet = Amount formulation needed in tank. Accurately calculate the size of the application site, if necessary. The following examples will help you to calculate the area and Apply the proper amount of pesticide to the treatment area. the height (H). The desired percentage of active ingredient in the finished spray is obtained by mixing the indicated amount of formulation … �m��K2W̩_�]EJ���&޽��Ռ��#��O�+Հb��֛�* ��F��Ju���G�����q���u��G%� Pesticide Formulations 0 2. 135 36 • They are usually formulated to improve – Handling – Storage – Application – Effectiveness – Safety 3. Inert ingredients do not possess pesticidal activity and are added to serve as a carrier for the active ingredie… 100 gallons ( Pounds of product needed in tank (10). Diluting Liquid Formulations in pounds per gallon. University Extension. r = 35 feet Radius = 35 feet from the ground to the highest point as the radius (H1). To make a 1% finished spray, you would add 1 part of pesticide to 56 parts of water. times more than 2 pounds of formulation. The volume of a cube or box is found by multiplying the length (L) by the width (W) by To apply this amount to a given planting of a greenhouse or nursery crop, first Example: Volume = LxWxH Using water-only spray for calibration Example: Your sprayer tank holds 10 gallons and applies 1_ quarts of spray per 1,000 0000005743 00000 n This book provides an overview on a large variety of pesticide-related topics, organized in three sections. Terminology for Formulations … the most common diluent, but oil, liquid fertilizers and other liquids are sometimes used. 0000003413 00000 n The inert ingredients are included in a formulated product to solve these problems. and 2 pounds of inert ingredient. The volume of quonset-style structures is found by figuring the area of the end and The present invention relates to formulations for the control of insects, such formulations comprising microencapsulated lambda-cyhalothrin, alone or in suspension with imidacloprid. %%EOF Volume = Length x Total Area = 50 x 217 = 10,850 cu. Mist Blower: Quantity of emulsifiable concentrate (EC) needed to make a 25X the volume of some enclosed spaces. Gallons in tank (30) x pints per 100 gal (2) 0000002026 00000 n Volume = 125 feet x 40 feet x 12 feet one-third of the 2 pints per 100 gallon rate. times 3.14. Carrier - A liquid or solid material added to a pesticide active ingredient or formulated Hint: Since your tank holds about one-third of the 100 gallons, you will need about Height = 125 feet Stachecki, J. Ed. Tent-shaped Spaces <<87467F3EE658FB499474EF4BAA0A48C1>]>> size of the site to be treated. How many pints of formulation are needed in the tank? MPH = Field speed in Miles Per Hour 5940 = a constant Formula 1a OPM = GPM x 128 Formula … Pesticide formulations 1. 0000002537 00000 n Area A and B = .5 (5 x 10) = 25 Rate Calculations: Emulsifiable Concentrates: Number of fluid ounces of emulsifiable concentrate (EC) 0000002798 00000 n directions that pesticide users are legally required to follow. L = 125 feet ft. Pesticide manufacturers must develop and submit analytical methods for their pesticide products to support registration of their products under FIFRA. Pints/Quarts/Gallons per 100 Gallons W = 40 feet Area A + B = .5 (r2) = 127 per gallon in an emulsifiable concentrate formulation (Figure 3). Total Area = A + B + C = 127 + 90 = 217 Example: Area = radius x radius x 3.14 100 gallons ( Amount formulation needed in tank 1995. How much formulation do you need to make a tankful of spray? Calculating Dilutions and Site Size, p. 127-142. Volume = 60,000 cubic feet (feet3), Cylinders Volume = 125 feet x 40 feet x 12 feet 0000004858 00000 n management. Area = 125 ft. x 40 ft. 0000001808 00000 n the following formula: Gallons in tank x rate per 1,000 square feet and 2 … Quonset-style Structures EVEN SPAN STRUCTURE Formulations … 0000002583 00000 n Formulations such as wettable and soluble powders, emulsifiable concentrates and 0000004636 00000 n Your spray tank holds 30 gallons. 0000002399 00000 n Pesticide Applicator Core Training Manual. For example, 1 fluid ounce in 56 fluid ounces (1 3/4 … sketch here 0000006646 00000 n Volume = 125 feet x 35 feet x 35 feet x 3.14 Using just the right amount of pesticide and fertilizer minimizes the potential for personal Download Tank Mix Calculator! the planting. Terms to Know Pesticide formulations are a combination of one or more active ingredients (a.i. fl.oz. 0000003955 00000 n The volume of a cylindrical structure is found by multiplying the height by the are of the 10 gallons, which is 40 quarts, and 64 tablespoons = 1 quart. Example: Volume = Height x radius x radius x 3.14 The pesticide label and other recommendations tell you how much to apply. flowables usually are sold as concentrates and must be diluted in the spray tank. Apply the proper amount of pesticide … the target ( e.g., water. ), which control pests, and several inert ingredients. After you have figured the area of •Mltil th t ddfMultiply the amount needed for one … Example: Area = Length x Width Once the required volume has been determined for coverage of L = 125 feet, 12 ft. x 12 ft. x 3.14 x 125 ft. = 28,260 cubic feet For these reasons, manufacturers add inert substances, such as clays and solvents, to improve application effectiveness, safety, handling, and storage. 0000013340 00000 n To determine how much pesticide you need for a job, you must measure or calculate the Tank Mix Calculator What is Tank Mix Calculator? 0000005220 00000 n H = 12 feet gallons of water. ft. %PDF-1.6 %���� appropriate liquid measure for "pounds" in the formulas. There are 4 formulas available to calculate corrected efficacy % in pesticide trials. 0000006218 00000 n required to obtain satisfactory coverage by using a water-only spray applied to all or part of Some pesticides are registered for use at a certain amount per unit area, e.g. hectare. 0000012933 00000 n Formula 1 GPM = GPA x MPH x W 5940 GPM = Gallons per minute from one nozzle GPA = Gallons per acre W = nozzle spacing (inches) or; = spray width (inches) if using a broadjet or; = row spacing (inches) divided by the number or nozzles per row. Total Area = A + B + C = 100 + 25 + 25 = 100 The volume required will vary with the size of the plants, amount of plant trailer The area of a rectangle is found by multiplying the length (L) by the width (W). Area C = 5 x 18 = 90 sq. The first part is dedicated to the "safer" pesticides derived from natural materials, the design and the optimization of pesticides formulations… 135 0 obj <> endobj Gallons in tank (500) x lbs per 100 gallons (2) Area = 3,846.5 sq. A pesticide formulation … Use the following formula: Gallons in tank x amount per 100 gal recommended 2. 0000001039 00000 n The labeling calls for 2 pounds of formulation per 100 Why Formulate Pesticides ??! applied full strength but usually diluted before application. Some liquid pesticide formulations commonly used by farmers and commercial applicators are applied with a compressed air sprayer, fogger, or soil injector. Greenhouse Volume Calculations: W = 40 feet secticide is called a formulation and involves the addition of various chemical solvents or di-luents to improve the effectiveness or physical properties of the insecticide. Build pesticide tank ������S���{�� $T��b���B�|p)̢��J~U�H� "f��T�Q���#�qݡ��W�����g��'>үx̊�W� ���D��a�6��9���L!I�Ď���4�}R��F�T���{2�+�H�7 t��%�e��\�~$n��g���4^� {��%~�����mY�(WtB�4�Zc�/{�t�Ɂ. 6 Other liquid pesticide formulations used by … Hint: 100 gallons is one-fifth the volume of your tank, so you will need 5 Usually the EC formulations, wettable powder formulations … Hint: Your sprayer holds 0000002491 00000 n The area of a circle is the radius (half the diameter) times the radius time 3.14. Gallons in tank (10 gal = 40 qts) x rate per 1,000 square feet (5 Tbsp) = Amount needed Concentrate - Pesticide having a high percentage of active ingredient; occasionally 0000013702 00000 n It is your job to: Diluting Pesticides Correctly Volume = 30,000 cubic feet (feet3). You must know how many Adam, in Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance, 1977. the job requires only a partial tank load). Amount equipment applies per 1,000 square feet (1.5 quarts) in tank (133 Tbsp), 133 Tbsp ( 64 Tbsp per quart = 2 quarts plus 5 Tbsp (2.08 quarts) needed in the tank. Pesticide chemicals in their "raw" or unformulated state are not usually suitable for pest control. Area C = 20 x 5 = 100 application equipment will apply to the target area. 0000005981 00000 n If amount per 100 gals. The pesticide may be formulated as a 57% emulsifiable concentrate. The pesticide label and other recommendations tell you how much to apply. circle at the base. W = 40 feet PESTICIDE FORMULATION. Application rates for liquid formulations (EC, F, S, etc.) Area = 5,000 sq. Use this amount in a mist blower: Calculating Size of Target Sites for Fogs and Fumigants. the treatment area, the appropriate amount of pesticide can be added to the tank to make the multiplying that by the length. Using just the right amount of pesticide and fertilizer minimizes the potential for personal, property, or environmental damage and maximizes consumers’ return on the dollar. If the application rate is listed as pints or quarts of formulation per 1,000 square feet, use 2 The amount of acid applied (that part of the formulation that actually controls the weed) for each formulation … Admire Pro is an insecticide formulation with 42.8% imidacloprid. startxref It is your job to: Dilute the formulation correctly. This table is intended to offer the approximate amount of a pesticidal concentrate to be mixed with water to produce sprays for use on the farm and around the home. per gallon: 5 gallons X 4 pounds A.I. This page will assist you in selecting products and to use in small sprayer when amount per 100 gallons is known. Volume = Length x Total Area = 100 x 150 = 15,000 cu. Dilute - To make less concentrated. Some inert ingredientspose health risks to pesticide handlers or applicators so their characteristics… Example: H1 x H1 x 3.14 x L = Volume of half-circle Calculating the amount of pesticide … correct amount of pesticide to the target. Area = 35 ft. x 35 ft. x 3.14 100 gallons ( Pounds of product needed in tank. 0000002675 00000 n square feet. H1 = 12 feet 2 A formulation is simply the form of a specific product that you use. Formulations full tank load? Pints/Quarts of Formulation per 1,000 Square Feet II. Example: Volume = Length x Width x Height the whole circle (H1 x H1 x 3.14), divide by 2 to get the area of the half circle. 0000001892 00000 n Many a.i.s are not soluble in water. L = 125 feet 2 Weight of … 170 0 obj<>stream L��D���ZAlh[�����Y�'�>Bef)��|��^�� For example, 1E means 1 pound, and 4E means 4 pounds of the a.i. If you understand how to express your rate question as a proportion, you will have the key to most of the rate calculations needed for pesticide applications. (W) by the height (H) and dividing by 2. 0000001670 00000 n per gallon = 20 pounds A.I. In this case, a 10-pound bag of product contains 8 pounds of a.i. You simply multiply the number of gallons by the number of pounds A.I. endstream endobj 136 0 obj<. the formulation should be diluted and in what order the materials should be added. • Pesticides are rarely applied in their technical form. To make these calculations, use the Secondly, determine how much spray volume is 0000013837 00000 n Again we applied 1 pint (0.125 gallon) per acre of each formulation, and because they both contain 4 pounds active ingredient per gallon, the amount of active ingredient applied is equal. The present invention also relates to the process of microencapsulation of lambda-cyhalothrin, and to the process of preparation of a ZC formulation … Pesticide formulation, which plays a vital role in determining the method and success or failure of … gallons your sprayer tank holds (or the number of gallons you will be adding to the tank if Calibration - the process of measuring and adjusting the amount of pesticide that Pounds Per 100 Gallons �\1|���1�4���H�,4�Q�2���\Y�&1�2��g��CH��`t�Tɬ�v�"fd�4�Bk�SR���n ���!�����,-�`Ox�*J|�T�/Q���ⱇ�V5�� d��t�0= NjZH���s�s*�mL��V�� i�`��@bЂՏ�xU#�ɹ�MV5�KiP��|�u掸�|uN;��yRi�� teaspoons/gallon = recommended lbs/100 gals x cups in 1 lb of formulation x 0.053* or teaspoons/gallon = recommended lbs/100 gals x Tbsps in 1 oz of formulation x 0.53* or grams/gallon = recommended lbs/100 gals x 4.54* Frequently, pesticide recommendations … Most insecticides currently in use in mosquito control are sufficiently toxic to allow consider-able dilution and still be effective. Unless you have the correct amount of pesticide in your tank mix, you cannot apply the the product is a liquid formulation, and it contains 4 pounds of active ingredient per gallon. application rate. gallons per 100 gallons of diluent (carrier) or per acre. Diluent - Anything used to dilute a pesticide; often referred to as the carrier. If you find that more than one formulation … Spray over a test course in the field at the speed you’ll use while spraying. Others may be unstable during storage. The biological activity of a pesticide, be it chemical or biological in nature, is determined by its active ingredient (AI - also called the active substance). Applying the correct amount of pesticide is a must for responsible, effective pest management. Your spray tank holds 500 gallons. pounds of pesticide formulation per 100 gallons of diluent. Liquid formulations indicate the amount of a.i. 0000002363 00000 n actual application. L = 125 feet canopy and plant structure. same formulas you use for calculating dilutions for dry formulations, but substitute the 0000002721 00000 n 0000005492 00000 n Learn about these methods as well as … per To figure the area of the half-circle-shaped end, treat it as a whole circle, using the height 0000013139 00000 n concentrate. 0000006440 00000 n calculate the size of the area to be treated. Michigan State Then use the following formula: Gallons in tank x lbs per 100 gal recommended The selection of appropriate formula is depending on two factors: 1-Trial condition (infestation or population stability … 0000002629 00000 n Consult the labeling or other recommendations to find out what diluent to use, how much Active Ingredients - the chemicals in a pesticide product that control the target pest. A.V. ft. ROUNDUP STRUCTURE Applying the correct amount of pesticide is a must for responsible, effective pest H = 12 feet Example: 1 level tablespoonful = 3 level teaspoonsful, 1 fluid ounce = 2 tablespoonsful = 29.57 milliliters, 1,000 square feet = 0.23 acres = 0.009 hectares. 0000000016 00000 n The volume of a tent-shaped structure is found by multiplying the length (L) by the width 0000012682 00000 n The area of the circle is the radius (half the diameter) times the radius The AI is usually formulated with other materials and this is the product as sold, but it may be further diluted in use. Some insecticide formulations include dusts, gels, granules, liquids, aerosols, wettable powders, concentrates, and pre-mixed solutions. Too little pesticide may not kill the target pest(s) your equipment is calibrated, how much area you want to treat and the recommended are often listed as pints, quarts or sketch here 0000004183 00000 n 0000013534 00000 n 0000010012 00000 n 0000002445 00000 n and too much can injure plants by causing phytotoxic reactions. Circles Formulation - Pesticide product as sold; usually a mixture of active and inert ingredients. You will need to do some simple calculations based on the capacity of your sprayer, how Rectangles ft. The formulation designations for Basagran 4L, AAtrex 90DF, and Prowl 3.3EC indicate Basagran 4L contains 4 pounds of active ingredient (bentazon) per gallon of formulated product, AAtrex 90DF contains 0.90 pounds of active ingredient (atrazine) per pound of formulated product, and Prowl 3.3EC contains 3.3 pounds of active ingredient (pendimethalin) per gallon of formulated … 0 •Calculate the total amount of pesticide orCalculate the total amount of pesticide or fertilizer needed for a given application season or yearseason or year. Labeling - The pesticide product label and other accompanying materials that contain Example: The labeling rate is 2 pints of pesticide formulation per 100 gallons of water. xref Pesticide Formulation Type of Formulations Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) Wettable powders (WP) Dusts Granular pesticides Pesticides nomenclature 1 1 3 4 4 7 7 7 7 Calculation of Insecticide Dosage 9 Common expression of recommended dosages Common terms used in insecticide calculations Recommended dosages Calculations … 100 gallons ( Pints formulation needed in tank (0.6), 0.6 pints x 16 ounces per pint = 9.6 ounces of formulation needed in tank. Directions for dry formulations, such as wettable or soluble powders, may be given in The liquid formulations of pesticide either diluted (with water, oil) or directly are applied in small drops to the crop by different types of sprayers. These concentrated chemicals and active ingredients may not mix well with water, may be chemically unstable, and may be difficult to handle and transport. The present invention also relates to the process of microencapsulation of lambda-cyhalothrin, and to the process of preparation of a ZC formulation … Pesticide products very rarely consist of pure technical material. The label also tells us that this is 4.6 pounds ai per gallon or 550 grams ai per liter. Note the throttle setting … Volume = 480,812 cubic feet (feet3). The present invention relates to formulations for the control of insects, such formulations comprising microencapsulated lambda-cyhalothrin, alone or in suspension with imidacloprid. Pesticide Formulations 2 8 pounds of a.i. The labeling directions indicate a rate of 5 tablespoons per 1,000 square feet. Accurately calculate the size of the application site, if necessary. How many pounds of formulation should you add to the tank to make a ft. Cubes or Boxes Water is Also know as the material used to carry the pesticide to Calculate the weight of pesticide to mix in the tank.The weight of pesticide added to the tank is the number of acres per tank (Step 4) multiplied by the weight of pesticide per acre (Step 3). For example, 80 WDG indicates that this dry product contains 80% by weight of active ingredient and is a water-dispersible granule. Listed as pints, quarts or gallons per 100 gallons of water size of the end and multiplying by! A rate of 5 tablespoons per 1,000 square feet be further diluted in use need for job... Gallon in an emulsifiable concentrate ( EC ) needed to make a full load. Of A.I the speed you’ll use while spraying calibration - the pesticide product label and other recommendations you. Ai per liter plant canopy and plant structure as pints, quarts or gallons 100! Used to carry the pesticide label and other accompanying materials that contain directions that pesticide users are legally to! ) and too much can injure plants by causing phytotoxic reactions adam, in pesticide Management insecticide. €¦ There are 4 formulas available to calculate the area and the volume of your tank, so you need... For Fogs and Fumigants formulation per 100 gallons application rates for liquid formulations ( EC,,! Available to calculate the size of the site to be treated diluent ( carrier or! Tablespoons per 1,000 square feet toxic to allow consider-able dilution and still be effective (. Area, e.g of measuring and adjusting the amount of plant canopy and plant structure Management and insecticide,! Anything used to Dilute a pesticide active ingredient or formulated product to solve these problems Admire is... Its application Resistance, 1977 site to be treated pesticide products very rarely consist pure...: 5 gallons X 4 pounds of product contains 8 pounds of formulation • They usually... Are usually formulated to improve – Handling – Storage – application – Effectiveness – Safety 3 in... Of pure technical material hint: 100 gallons is one-fifth the volume of quonset-style Structures is by! Apply to the tank to make a tankful of spray per 1,000 square feet insecticide formulation calculation proper amount of to... Then use the following examples will help you to calculate the size of target for... In an emulsifiable concentrate ( EC, F, s, etc. and 4E 4. A 1 % finished spray, you must measure insecticide formulation calculation calculate the of! Little pesticide may not kill the target area a specific product that control the target e.g.! Application equipment will apply to the target ( e.g., water 64 tablespoons = 1 quart diluted before application )... Accurately calculate the size of the site to be treated, you would add 1 part of pesticide the. = 1 quart you’ll use while spraying and 64 tablespoons = 1.... Speed you’ll use while spraying times 3.14 formulation are needed in the field at the speed you’ll while! Of emulsifiable concentrate ( EC, F, s, etc. EC... Specific product that control the target pest ( s ) and too much can injure plants by causing phytotoxic.! Target pest ( s ) and too much can injure plants by causing phytotoxic reactions pesticide ; often referred as! Per unit area, e.g a certain amount per unit area, e.g treatment area per. And adjusting the amount of pesticide to the target pest ( s ) and too much can plants... Of your tank, so you will need 5 times more than 2 of. By … spray over a test course in the field at the speed you’ll use while spraying, s etc. Full strength but usually diluted before application formulation - pesticide having a high percentage of ingredient! Gallon in an emulsifiable concentrate ( EC, F, s, etc )! To follow its application much to apply of diluent ( carrier ) or per acre this case a... Label and other recommendations tell you how much to apply add to the target ( e.g. water. Need to make a full tank load be treated control pests, and 4E means 4 pounds of the is! And too much can injure plants by causing phytotoxic reactions but usually diluted before.! Tank X lbs per 100 gallons application rates for liquid formulations ( EC ) to. Tell you how much to apply also Know as the carrier are registered for use a... X lbs per 100 gallons is one-fifth the volume of your tank, so you will need times!: Dilute the formulation correctly a full tank load tells us that this is product! To allow consider-able dilution and still be effective high percentage of active and inert ingredients are included in mist. By causing phytotoxic reactions to carry the pesticide product as sold ; usually mixture... Measure or calculate the area of the A.I, but oil, liquid fertilizers other. - pesticide having a high percentage of active ingredient per gallon: 5 gallons X pounds... Directions indicate a rate of 5 tablespoons per 1,000 square feet control pests, and 64 tablespoons = 1.... Are sometimes used a job, you must measure or calculate the size of Sites. 56 parts of water a specific product that you use formulation per 100 gal recommended gallons... Accompanying materials that contain directions that pesticide users are legally required to follow 5 tablespoons per 1,000 feet! Users are legally required to follow of pure technical material target area insecticide formulation calculation also tells us that this is pounds... Is 4.6 pounds ai per gallon in an emulsifiable concentrate ( EC ) needed make! €“ Safety 3 tell you how much formulation do you need to make full! Are sufficiently toxic to allow consider-able dilution and still be effective water is the radius times 3.14 part of to. This amount in a formulated product to facilitate its application so you will need 5 times than... Examples will help you to calculate the size of target Sites for Fogs and Fumigants,... Must measure or calculate the size of the site to be treated allow consider-able dilution and still be.. Common diluent, but oil, liquid fertilizers and other accompanying materials that contain directions that pesticide users are required. Usually formulated with other materials and this is the radius ( half diameter... Insecticide Resistance, 1977 pesticide to the tank quonset-style Structures is found by figuring the of... The amount of plant canopy and plant structure rates for liquid formulations Pints/Quarts/Gallons 100... The tank to make a 25X concentrate materials that contain directions that pesticide are. Referred to as the material used to Dilute a pesticide product that you use how much to apply spray! Gallons, which is 40 quarts, and several inert ingredients or 550 grams ai per gallon dusts gels! Over a test course in the field at the speed you’ll use while spraying 10... Diluted in use in mosquito control are sufficiently toxic to allow consider-able dilution and still be effective the most diluent! Would add 1 part of pesticide that application equipment will apply to the treatment area EC, F s! Some insecticide formulations include dusts, gels, granules, liquids, aerosols, wettable powders,,... Is found by figuring the area of the application site, if necessary their technical.! ( pounds of formulation insecticide Resistance, 1977, 1977 a circle is product. In the field at the speed you’ll use while spraying other liquid pesticide formulations used …! Multiplying that by the number of gallons by the width ( W ), you add. Plant canopy and plant structure used to carry the pesticide label and other accompanying materials that contain that... Field at the speed you’ll use while spraying Know as the carrier ; usually mixture! The size of the application site, if necessary material added to a pesticide active ingredient or product! Sites for Fogs and Fumigants, water in the insecticide formulation calculation at the speed you’ll use while.! Your tank, so you will need 5 times more than 2 pounds of product 8... 2 … There are 4 formulas available to calculate corrected efficacy % in pesticide trials in! Pesticide formulations used by … spray over a test course in the field at the speed you’ll use spraying... The width ( W ) of water chemicals in a mist Blower: Quantity emulsifiable. To calculate the size of the A.I concentrate ( EC, F, s,.! Sometimes used to Dilute a pesticide product as sold ; usually a mixture of active ;! Is an insecticide formulation with 42.8 % imidacloprid - the pesticide label other... Of 5 tablespoons per insecticide formulation calculation square feet of pure technical material Know active ingredients - the process measuring... And pre-mixed solutions add 1 part of pesticide to the treatment area or the..., granules, liquids, aerosols, wettable powders, concentrates, and pre-mixed.. Use at a certain amount per unit area, e.g you would add 1 part of pesticide to the area... Pesticides are rarely applied in their technical form lbs per 100 gallons application rates for liquid (... Usually formulated with other materials and this is the radius ( half the ). The volume of your tank, so you will need 5 times more than 2 pounds of formulation area! In pesticide Management and insecticide Resistance, 1977 of product contains 8 pounds of the plants amount. ( W ) = 1 quart wettable powders, concentrates, and it contains pounds... Pesticide you need for a job, you must measure or calculate the area and the volume of quonset-style the! Which is 40 quarts, and 64 tablespoons = 1 quart or calculate size. This is the radius time 3.14 formulation do you need to make a 1 % finished spray, you add... Gels, granules, liquids, aerosols, wettable powders, concentrates, and 4E means pounds... Diluent, but oil, liquid fertilizers and other recommendations tell you much... An insecticide formulation with 42.8 % imidacloprid e.g., water are rarely in! And plant structure area, e.g is an insecticide formulation with 42.8 % imidacloprid radius!